Changbaishan

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  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 41.98°N
  • 128.08°E

  • 2744 m
    9000 ft

  • 305060
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

There are no activity reports for Changbaishan.



 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Changbaishan.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1903 Apr 15 ± 45 days Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations
1898 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1702 Jun 9 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations
1668 Jun Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations
[ 1597 Oct 6 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
[ 1413 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
1000 ± 40 years Unknown Confirmed 7 Radiocarbon (corrected)
0180 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
1000 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Anthropology
2160 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (uncorrected)

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Dunlap C E, Gill J B, Palacz Z A, 1992. U/Th disequilibria in the large-volume chemically-zoned eruption of Baitoushan, 1010 AD (abs). Eos, Trans Amer Geophys Union, 73: 611.

Horn S, Schmincke H, 2000. Voltatile emission during the eruption of Baitoushan volcano (China/North Korea) ca. 969 AD. Bull Volc, 61: 537-555.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Liu J, 1986. . (pers. comm.).

Liu J, Taniguchi H, 2001. Active volcanoes in China. Tohoku Asian Studies, 6: 173-189.

Liu R, Wei H, Li J, 1992. Volcano at Tianci Lake, Changbaishan Mt.--the potentially most dangerous volcano in Chinese mainland. 29th Internatl Geol Cong, Kyoto, abs, 2: 501.

Machida H, Moriwaki H, Zhao D, 1990. The recent major eruption of Changbai volcano and its environmental effects. Geog Rpt Tokyo Metropolitan Univ, 25: 1-25.

Ogura T, 1969. Volcanoes in Manchuria. In: Ogura T (ed) {Geology and Mineral Resources of the Far East}, Tokyo: Univ Tokyo Press, 2: 373-413.

Sakhno V G, 2007. Chronology of eruptions, composition, and magmatic evolution of the Paektusan volcano: evidence from K-Ar, 87Sr/86Sr, and delta18O isotope data. Doklady Earth Sci, 412: 22-28.

Wei H, Sparks R S J, Liu R, Fan Q, Wang Y, Hong H, Zhang H, Chen H, Jiang C, Dong J, Zheng Y, Pan Y, 2003. Three active volcanoes in China and their hazards. J Asian Earth Sci, 21: 515-526.

Whitford-Stark J L, 1987. A survey of Cenozoic volcanism on mainland Asia. Geol Soc Amer Spec Pap, 213: 1-74.

Massive Changbaishan stratovolcano, also known as Baitoushan and by the Korean names of Baegdu or P'aektu-san, is a relatively poorly known, but volcanologically significant volcano straddling the China/Korea border. A 5-km-wide, 850-m-deep summit caldera is filled by scenic Lake Tianchi (Sky Lake). A large Korean-speaking population resides near the volcano on both sides of the border. The 60-km-diameter dominantly trachytic and rhyolitic volcano was constructed over the Changbaishan (Laoheidingzi) shield volcano. Satellitic cinder cones are aligned along a NNE trend. One of the world's largest known Holocene explosive eruptions took place here about 1000 CE, depositing rhyolitic and trachytic tephra as far away as northern Japan and forming in part the present caldera. Minor historical eruptions have been recorded since the 15th century.