Taryatu-Chulutu

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 48.17°N
  • 99.7°E

  • 2400 m
    7872 ft

  • 303010
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Taryatu-Chulutu.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Taryatu-Chulutu.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Taryatu-Chulutu.

The Taryatu-Chulutu volcanic field lies in north-central Mongolia about 250 km west of Ulaanbaatar. This area, also known as the Hangayn or Tariat volcanic field, is located in a broad region of Miocene-to-Holocene basaltic lavas in the Baikal Rift System SSW of Lake Baikal. Lava flows of four Miocene-to-Holocene age groups form terraces along the Chulutu (Chuloot) River; Pleistocene basalts form the 40- to 60-m terrace of the Taryatu basin. Six Holocene cinder cones, including Khorog (Horog) and Dzan Tologai, are concentrated along the Sumein and Gichgeniyn river valleys at the western end of the volcanic field. The 180-m-wide crater of Khorog is breached to the south, in the direction of an associated lava flow. The Holocene cones produced thin, freshly preserved lava flows remarkable for their large numbers of ultramafic xenoliths. The lava flow from Khorog was radiocarbon dated at about 4930 years ago and dammed the Chulutu River, forming Lake Terkhin-Tsagan-Nur.

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
2980 BCE ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Khorog

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.



Synonyms
Ara-Khangay Volcanic Field | Tariat-Choloot | Chuluut | Hangayn Volcanic Field | Tariat Volcanic Field


Cones
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Dzan Tologai Cone
Khorog
    Horog
Cinder cone
Shavaryn-Tsaram Cone
The fresh, sparsely vegetated lava flow filling this valley originated from Khorog (Horog) cinder cone (center). The cone is part of the Taryatu-Chulutu volcanic field in north-central Mongolia about 250 km west of Ulaanbaatar. The volcanic field contains six Holocene cinder cones along the Sumein and Gichgeniyn river valleys at the western end of the volcanic field. The lava flow from Khorog was radiocarbon dated at about 4930 years ago and dammed the Chulutu River, forming Lake Terkhin-Tsagan-Nur.

Photo by Piotr Olszewski, 2004.

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Barry T L, Saunders A D, Kempton P D, Windley B F, Pringle M S, Dorjnamjaa D, Saandar S, 2003. Petrogenesis of Cenozoic basalts from Mongolia: evidence for the role of asthenospheric versus metasomatized lithospheric mantle sources. J Petr, 44: 55-91.

Devyatkin Y V, Smelov S B, 1979. Position of basalts in the Cenozoic sedimentary sequence of Mongolia. Internatl Geol Rev, 22: 307-317.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Ivanov A V, 2003. . (pers. comm.).

Rasskazov S V, Kunk M J, Luhr J F, Bowring S A, Brandt I S, Brandt S B, Ivanov A V, 1996. Episodes of eruptions and composition variations of the Quaternary lavas in the Baikal Rift System (Ar-Ar and K-Ar dating of volcanism in the Dzhida River area). Russian Geol Geophys, 37(6): 1-12.

Whitford-Stark J L, 1987. A survey of Cenozoic volcanism on mainland Asia. Geol Soc Amer Spec Pap, 213: 1-74.

Whitford-Stark J L, 1987. . (pers. comm.).

Volcano Types

Volcanic field

Tectonic Setting

Intraplate
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite
Phono-tephrite / Tephri-phonolite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Trachyandesite / Basaltic trachy-andesite
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
5,602
5,602
5,602
29,050

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Taryatu-Chulutu Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.