Udina

Photo of this volcano
Google Earth icon
  Google Earth Placemark
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 55.755°N
  • 160.527°E

  • 2923 m
    9587 ft

  • 300241
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Udina.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Udina.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Udina.

The Udina volcanic massif consists of two conical stratovolcanoes constructed along a WNW-ESE line at the south end of the Kliuchevskaya volcanic group, SE of Tolbachik volcano. The western volcano, 2923-m-high andesitic Bolshaya Udina, has a prominent lava dome on its SW flank. The 1945-m-high basaltic Malaya Udina rises above a low saddle at the eastern end of the Udina complex; small lava domes also occur on its flanks. No historical eruptions have occurred from the Udina complex.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Udina. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Udina page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.



Cones
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Bolshaya Udina
    Boljshaia Udina
Stratovolcano 2923 m 55° 45' 0" N 160° 32' 0" E
Malaya Udina
    Malaia Udina
Stratovolcano 1945 m 55° 44' 0" N 160° 38' 0" E
The summit of flat-topped Plosky Tolbachik volcano (right) is truncated by a 3-km-wide, glacier-filled caldera. Several lines of cinder cones dot a rift zone that extends NE from the basaltic shield volcano. Another rift zone that extends 70 km SSW of the summit has been the site of frequent basaltic eruptions during the Holocene, including the "Great Tolbachik Fissure Eruption" of 1975-76. The conical peak of Udina volcano rises at the left, with massive Kronotsky volcano behind it on the far horizon.

Photo by Oleg Volynets (Institute of Volcanology, Petropavlovsk).
This dramatic photo looks north along the cluster of large stratovolcanoes forming the Kliuchevskaya volcano group. Udina volcano (foreground) and the twin Zimina volcano (middle right) are Holocene centers without historical eruptions. Kamen volcano (top center) and Kliuchevskoi (top right) are Kamchatka's two highest peaks. Ushkovsky volcano (top left) lies at the NW end of the volcano group and has had a single historical eruption. Bezymianny volcano is hidden by clouds below Kamen.

Photo by Oleg Volynets (Institute of Volcanology, Petropavlovsk).
Zimina (left) and Udina (center) volcanoes rise to the south beyond a dark-colored lava flow from an active 1990 lava dome at Bezymianny volcano. The larger of two stratovolcanoes forming Zimina volcano, 3081-m-high Ovalnaya Zimina, is visible in this photo; the extensively eroded Ostraya Zimina is out of view to the SE. Udina volcano also consists of two twin stratovolcanoes; the lower SE cone is hidden behind Ovalnaya Zimina. Zimina and Udina are the only major volcanoes of the Kliuchevskoi volcano group without historical eruptions.

Photo by Dan Miller, 1990 (U.S. Geological Survey).
The Udina volcanic massif consists of two conical stratovolcanoes constructed along a WNW-ESE line at the south end of the Kliuchevskaya volcanic group, SE of Tolbachik volcano. The western volcano, 2923-m-high Bolshaya Udina, seen here from the south, has a prominent lava dome on its SW flank. The 1945-m-high Malaya Udina, out of view to the right, rises above a low saddle at the eastern end of the Udina complex; small lava domes also occur on its flanks. No historical eruptions have occurred from the Udina complex.

Photo by Oleg Volynets (Institute of Volcanology, Petropavlovsk).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Krijanovsky N, 1934. Volcanoes of Kamchatka. Geol Soc Amer Bull, 45: 529-549.

Luchitsky I V (ed), 1974. History of the Development of Relief of Siberia and the Far East. Kamchatka, Kurile and Komander Islands. Moscow: Nauka Pub, 439 p (in Russian).

Vlasov G M, 1967. Kamchatka, Kuril, and Komandorskiye Islands: geological description. In: {Geol of the USSR}, Moscow, 31: 1-827.

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano(es)
Lava dome(s)

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
0
2
63
10,334

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Udina Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.