Krasheninnikov

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 54.593°N
  • 160.273°E

  • 1856 m
    6088 ft

  • 300190
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Krasheninnikov.

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The late-Pleistocene to Holocene Krasheninnikov volcano is comprised of two overlapping stratovolcanoes that were constructed within a 9 x 11 km Pleistocene caldera. Young lava flows from summit and flank vents descend into the caldera and down its outer flanks. The summit cones are situated along a NE-SW-trending fissure that has also produced zones of Holocene cinder cones extending 15-20 km beyond the caldera. Tephra deposits from the eruption forming Krasheninnikov caldera directly overlie a 39,000 before present (BP) tephra once thought to be related to the Krasheninnikov caldera-forming eruption but now thought to be associated with the formation of Uzon caldera (Florenskii 1988). Both the Southern and Northern cones are topped by 800-m-wide craters; the younger Northern Cone was constructed within a 2-km-wide caldera. Construction of the Southern Cone began about 11,000 years BP and lasted for about 4500 years. The Northern Cone was constructed during a cycle of similar length that began about 6500 years ago. The present eruptive cycle began about 600 years BP, but has included only two documented eruptions, the last about 400 years ago.

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1550 (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Northern cone (Pauk) & SW of S cone
1350 (?) Unknown Confirmed 0 Tephrochronology SW flank of southern cone
0850 (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Northern cone
0750 (?) Unknown Confirmed 3 Radiocarbon (corrected) Central N cone, SE flank of S cone
0650 (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology NW flank and central northern cone
0150 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (corrected) Northern cone
0250 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Northern cone
0350 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Northern cone
0650 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Northern cone and southern cone flank
0850 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Northern cone and southern cone flank
1000 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Radiocarbon (corrected) Northern cone
1050 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Northern cone
1150 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Northern cone
1350 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 3 Radiocarbon (corrected) N (Zametny) & S (Duga) flank fissures
1650 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Northern cone
2250 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Northern cone
2950 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Northern cone & N outer flank fissure
3250 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Northern cone
3550 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Northern cone & N outer flank fissure
4450 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Northern cone
4850 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Southern cone
5050 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Southern cone
5250 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Northern outer flank fissure
5450 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Southern cone
5800 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Southern cone summit and west flank
6000 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Southern cone summit and flank
6250 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Northern outer flank fissure
6350 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Southern cone summit and flank
6550 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Southern cone summit, outer SW flank
7250 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Southern cone & S outer flank fissure
8050 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Southern cone & S outer flank fissure

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.



Cones
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Dima Lava cone
Duga Cinder cone
Molodoy Vent
Ozernoy Cone
Pauk Lava cone
Yuzhny Vent
Zametny Cinder cone


Craters
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Krokur Maar
Krasheninnikov volcano is comprised of two overlapping stratovolcanoes seen here from the north. Both the Southern and Northern cones are topped by 800-m-wide craters. Construction of the Northern Cone began about 6500 years ago. An inner Northern Cone was built within a 2-km-wide caldera, whose rim forms the scarp at the left. A small lava cone that occupies the inner crater of the Northern Cone (bottom) was formed during the last eruption, which took place about 400 years ago, and also produced a SW-flank lava flow.

Photo courtesy of Anatoli Khrenov, 1989 (Institute of Volcanology, Petropavlovsk).
The circular, 800-m-wide crater that truncates the Northern middle cone of Krasheninnikov volcano was formed during an explosive eruption about 800 years ago. This view looks from the east across the crater of the Northern middle cone, which began forming about 1300 years ago. The latest eruption from Krasheninnikov took place about 400 years ago. It formed the small Pauk lava cone (left center) within the summit crater of the Northern middle cone and also produced a lava flow from a vent on the upper SW flank of the Southern cone.

Photo by Yuri Doubik (Institute of Volcanology, Petropavlovsk).
The Northern (bottom) and Southern (top) cones forming the summit of Krasheninnikov volcano were constructed within a 9-km-wide late-Pleistocene caldera. The Southern cone began forming about 11,000 years ago and the Northern cone about 6500 years ago. Both cones are truncated by 800-m-wide craters; the northern crater formed following an explosive eruption about 1100 years ago. The latest eruption of Krasheninnikov produced the small lava cone (lower right) in the summit crater of the Northern cone.

Photo by Yuri Doubik (Institute of Volcanology, Petropavlovsk).
Sharp-peaked, conical Kronotsky volcano rises dramatically to the NE of the broad summit of Krasheninnikov volcano. The slopes of the largely Pleistocene Kronotsky volcano are cut by deep radial valleys. Weak phreatic eruptions took place during the 20th century. Krasheninnikov, in contrast, has had no historical eruptions, but has been active throughout the Holocene. The Northern cone (lower center) is truncated by an 800-m-wide summit crater that contains a lava cone formed during the last eruption, about 400 years ago.

Photo by Yuri Doubik (Institute of Volcanology, Petropavlovsk).
Kronotsky stratovolcano rises NE of the Kronotsky River, which cuts across the bottom of the photo. A cinder cone above the river at the right is one of several on the SW flank of Kronotsky. The prominent circular crater at the lower right is a lake-filled maar that formed at the northern end of a rift zone extending 8-km NNE from Krasheninnikov volcano. The maar was erupted along the NE flank of a large Pleistocene caldera inside which Krasheninnikov volcano was constructed.

Photo by Yuri Doubik (Institute of Volcanology, Petropavlovsk).
Symmetrical Kronotsky stratovolcano, one of Kamchatka's most scenic volcanoes, lies between the Pacific Ocean and Lake Kronotsky, Kamchatka's largest lake. The flanks of the massive 3528-m-high volcano, one of the largest in Kamchatka, are dissected by radial valleys up to 200-m deep. Weak phreatic eruptions took place during the 20th century. Kronotsky is seen here from the SW, with the caldera rim of neighboring Krasheninnikov volcano in the foreground.

Photo by Yuri Doubik (Institute of Volcanology, Petropavlovsk).
Kronotsky volcano, seen here from the SW, towers above a flat-lying, extensively dissected surface composed of eroded pyroclastic-flow deposits. These voluminous deposits were produced by massive Pleistocene explosive eruptions that resulted in formation of the calderas of Uzon and Krasheninnikov volcanoes. The initial caldera-forming eruption at Uzon dates back to the middle Pleistocene. A younger caldera that developed about 39,000 years ago was followed shortly by formation of the Krasheninnikov caldera.

Photo by Yuri Doubik (Institute of Volcanology, Petropavlovsk).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Erlich E N, 1986. Geology of the calderas of Kamchatka and Kurile Islands with comparison to calderas of Japan and the Aleutians, Alaska. U S Geol Surv Open-File Rpt, 86-291: 1-300.

Fedotov S A, Masurenkov Y P (eds), 1991. Active Volcanoes of Kamchatka. Moscow: Nauka Pub, 2 volumes.

Florenskii I V, 1984. On the age of Uzon and Krasheninnikov calderas. Volc Seism, 1984(1): 102-106 (English translation 1988, 6: 147-154).

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Kozhemyaka N N, 1995. Active volcanoes of Kamchatka: types and growth time of cones, total volumes of erupted material, productivity, and composition of rocks. Volc Seism, 16: 581-594 (English translation).

Newhall C G, Dzurisin D, 1988. Historical unrest at large calderas of the world. U S Geol Surv Bull, 1855: 1108 p, 2 vol.

Ponomareva V V, 1987. The history of Krasheninnikov volcano and the dynamics of its activity. Volc Seism, 1987(5): 28-44 (English translation 1990, 9: 714-741).

Ponomareva V V, Braitseva O A, 1990. Volcanic hazards for the area of the Kronotsky Lake - Uzon, Geizerny Valley. Volc Seism, 1990(1) p 27-44 (English translation 1991, 12: 42-69).

Ponomareva V V, Tsyurupa A A, 1985. Extended liquid acidic lava flows at Krasheninnikov volcano. Volc Seism, 1985(3): 85-92 (English translation 1988, 7: 447-458).

Vlodavetz V I, Piip B I, 1959. Kamchatka and Continental Areas of Asia. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 8: 1-110.

Volynets O N, Ponomareva V V, Tsyurupa A A, 1989. Petrological and tephrochronological studies of Krasheninnikov volcano, Kamchatka. Internatl Geol Rev, 30: 1107-1122.

Volcano Types

Caldera
Stratovolcano(es)
Pyroclastic cone(s)

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Dacite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
308
308
814
4,674

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Krasheninnikov Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.