Kikhpinych

Photo of this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 54.487°N
  • 160.253°E

  • 1552 m
    5091 ft

  • 300180
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Kikhpinych.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Kikhpinych.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Kikhpinych.

Kikhpinych, the youngest stratovolcano of the eastern volcanic zone of Kamchatka and one of the smallest, contains three summits constructed along a roughly E-W line above the eroded Pleistocene Pik volcano, NE of the Uzon caldera. Growth of the modern volcano began during the middle Holocene about 4800 years ago with construction of the Zapadny cone. After a long quiescence, the younger Savich cone was born about 1400 years ago, following a strong explosive eruption that destroyed part of the Zapadny and Pik cones. Numerous young lava flows mantle the flanks of 1552-m-high Savich cone, which has grown to slightly exceed Zapadny as the high point of Kikhpinych volcano. Savich was last active about 400 years ago, when the Krab lava dome was formed on its eastern flank. Numerous thermal fields are found throughout the complex, including two geysers (now the site of vigorous fumaroles) that were active in the summit crater of Stary Kikhpinych prior to burial by a rockfall avalanche that occurred sometime between September 1981 and July 1982.

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1550 (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology East flank of Savich (Krab cone)
1350 (?) Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Savich cone and north flank
0900 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Savich cone
0830 ± 25 years Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Savich cone
0650 (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Savich cone
0550 (?) Unknown Confirmed 3 Radiocarbon (corrected) East side of Zapadny, Savich cone
2780 BCE ± 25 years Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (corrected) Zapadny
2850 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 3 Radiocarbon (corrected) Zapadny

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.



Synonyms
Kichpinitsch | Molodoi Kikhpinych


Cones
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Pik Stratovolcano
Savich Stratovolcano 1552 m 54° 29' 0" N 160° 14' 0" E
Stary Kikhpinych Stratovolcano
Zapadny Cone 1500 m
Zheltaya Sopka Cone


Domes
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Krab Dome 1450 m
Kikhpinych, the youngest stratovolcano of the eastern volcanic zone of Kamchatka, contains three summits constructed along a roughly E-W line NE of Uzon caldera. The central cone, Zapedny (largely in shadow at the center of the photo), and Savich cone (left center) are the youngest centers. Numerous young lava flows mantle the flanks of 1552-m-high Savich cone, seen here from the NE. Savich was last active about 400 years ago, when the Krab lava dome was formed on its eastern flank.

Photo by Oleg Volynets (Institute of Volcanology, Petropavlovsk).
Three Holocene cones of Kikhpinych volcano are seen in this view from the west with the Pacific Ocean in the background. Savich, the conical peak on the center horizon, is the youngest and formed beginning about 1400 radiocarbon years ago. The more rounded, unvegetated peak in front of it is Zapedny ("Western") cone and formed beginning about 4800 years ago. Duga cinder cone in the foreground erupted about 3200 years ago and produced lava flows up to 10 km long.

Copyrighted photo by Vera Ponomareva (Holocene Kamchataka volcanoes; http://www.kscnet.ru/ivs/volcanoes/holocene/main/main.htm).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Braitseva O A, Florenskii I V, Ponomareva V V, Litasova S N, 1985. The history of the activity of Kikhpinych volcano in the Holocene. Volc Seism, 1985(6): 3-19 (English translation 1989, 7: 845-872).

Fedotov S A, Masurenkov Y P (eds), 1991. Active Volcanoes of Kamchatka. Moscow: Nauka Pub, 2 volumes.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Kardanova O F, Dubrovskaya I K, 1994. Staryi Kikhpinych Crater: state in 1980-1989. Volc Seism, 16: 19-33 (English translation).

Kozhemyaka N N, 1995. Active volcanoes of Kamchatka: types and growth time of cones, total volumes of erupted material, productivity, and composition of rocks. Volc Seism, 16: 581-594 (English translation).

Ponomareva V V, Tsyurupa A A, 1985. Extended liquid acidic lava flows at Krasheninnikov volcano. Volc Seism, 1985(3): 85-92 (English translation 1988, 7: 447-458).

Vlodavetz V I, Piip B I, 1959. Kamchatka and Continental Areas of Asia. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 8: 1-110.

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano(es)
Lava dome

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
0
29
687
4,322

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Kikhpinych Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.