Kostakan

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 53.83°N
  • 158.05°E

  • 1150 m
    3772 ft

  • 300122
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Kostakan.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Kostakan.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Kostakan.

A N-S-trending chain of basaltic cinder cones lies south of Bakening volcano, west of the Srednaya Avacha (Middle Avacha) river valley. The Kostakan cone group is part of a broad zone of regional basaltic volcanism affecting areas west of the Eastern volcanic zone of Kamchatka. It extends from the Kostakan Lake area to the south and has been active from the late Pleistocene to Holocene. Several of the cinder cones are breached by lava flows, some of which extend into the Srednaya Avacha valley. The highest-elevation vent, 1150-m-high Zmeya crater, was constructed within a landslide scarp. An unnamed maar is located about 2 km south of Kostakan Lake. Eruptions have occurred during two time periods, between about 11,000 to 7000 years ago and between about 1200 and 600 years ago.

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1350 (?) Unknown Confirmed 1 Tephrochronology Glavny
1200 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology Glavny
1000 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Tephrochronology Serpovidny
0800 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Tephrochronology Maar S of Lake Kostakan, Krasny cone
6550 BCE ± 500 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Tephrochronology Ochkovy
8050 BCE ± 1000 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Tephrochronology Domashnii

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.



Cones
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Domashnii Cinder cone 842 m
Glavny Cinder cone 830 m
Krasny Cinder cone 990 m
Ochkovyi Cinder cone 850 m
Serpovidny Cinder cone 830 m


Craters
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Zmeya Crater 1150 m
A N-S-trending chain of cinder cones lies in the Kostakan valley south of Bakening volcano. The 600-year-old Glavny cinder cone (left center) is surrounded by its lava flow, which dammed a small river to form beautiful Kostakan lake. Two small vegetated early Holocene cones lie along the opposite side of the lake. Other Holocene cones and maars are located behind the tall Pleistocene cone beyond the lake. Fog creeps up the Srednyaya ("Middle") Avacha river valley to the south.

Copyrighted photo by Sergei Konyaev (Holocene Kamchataka volcanoes; http://www.kscnet.ru/ivs/volcanoes/holocene/main/main.htm).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Braitseva O, Ponomareva V, Melekestsev I, Sulerzhitsky L, Pevzner M, 2002-. Holocene Kamchatka volcanoes. http://www.kscnet.ru/ivs/volcanoes/holocene/main/main.htm.

Dirksen O V, Melekestsev I V, 1999. Chronology, evolution and morphology of Plateau Basalt eruptive centers in Avacha River area, Kamchatka, Russia. Volc Seism, 21: 1-28 (English translation).

Dorendorf F, Churikova T, Koloskov A, Worner G, 2000. Late Pleistocene to Holocene activity at Bakening volcano and surrounding monogenetic centers (Kamchatka): volcanic geology and geochemical evolution. J Volc Geotherm Res, 104: 131-151.

Erlich E N, 1985. . (pers. comm.).

Volcano Types

Cinder cone(s)
Maar

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
13
13
1,352
232,577

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Kostakan Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.