Kurile Lake

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  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 51.45°N
  • 157.12°E

  • 81 m
    266 ft

  • 300023
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

There are no activity reports for Kurile Lake.



 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Kurile Lake.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
6440 BCE ± 25 years Unknown Confirmed 7 Radiocarbon (corrected) Tephra layer KO
7550 BCE ± 500 years Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Bindeman I N, Leonov V L, Izbekov P E, Ponomareva V V, Watts K E, Shipley N K, Perepelov A B, Bazanova L I, Jicha B R, Singer B S, Schmitt A K, Portnyagin M V, Chen C H, 2010. Large-volume silicic volcanism in Kamchatka: Ar-Ar and U- Pb ages, isotopic, and geochemical characteristics of major pre-Holocene caldera-forming eruptions. J Volc Geotherm Res, 189: 57-80.

Braitseva O A, Melekestsev I V, Ponomareva V V, Sulerzhitsky L D, 1995. Ages of calderas, large explosive craters and active volcanoes in the Kuril-Kamchatka region, Russia. Bull Volc, 57: 383-402.

Braitseva O, Ponomareva V, Melekestsev I, Sulerzhitsky L, Pevzner M, 2002-. Holocene Kamchatka volcanoes. http://www.kscnet.ru/ivs/volcanoes/holocene/main/main.htm.

Erlich E N, 1986. Geology of the calderas of Kamchatka and Kurile Islands with comparison to calderas of Japan and the Aleutians, Alaska. U S Geol Surv Open-File Rpt, 86-291: 1-300.

Kirianov V Y, Egorova I A, Litasova S N, 1986. Volcanic ash on Bering Island (Commander Islands) and Kamchatka Holocene eruptions. Volc Seism, 1986(6): 18-28 (English translation 1990, 8: 850-868).

Kozhemyaka N N, 1979. Quaternary pumice, tuff-ignimbrite fields and centers of eruption in southern Kamchatka. Akad Nauk SSSR, Sibirsk Otdeleniye Byull Vulk Stantsii, 57: 26-38 (in Russian).

Masurenkov Y P (ed), 1980. Volcanic Center: Structure, Dynamics and Products. Moscow: Nauka Pub, 299 p (in Russian).

Melekestsev I V, Braitseva O A, Sulerzhitskiy L D, 1988. Catastrophic explosive volcanic eruptions in Kamchatka and the Kurile Islands in late Pleistocene-early Holocene time. Trans (Doklady) USSR Acad Sci Earth Sci, 300: 55-59.

Ponomareva V V, Kyle P R, Melekestsev I V, Rinkleff P G, Dirksen O V, Sulerzhitsky L D, Zaretskaia N E, Rourke R, 2004. The 7600 (14C) year BP Kurile Lake caldera-forming eruption, Kamchatka, Russia: stratigraphy and field relationships. J Volc Geotherm Res, 136: 199-222.

Kurile Lake caldera is one of the most impressive volcanic features in Kamchatka. It lies within the eastern part of the massive Pauzhetka caldera, but is considered as a separate volcanic system here. The low-rimmed Kurile Lake caldera was formed in two stages during the late Pleistocene and early Holocene. The first caldera-forming eruption took place about 41,500 radiocarbon years ago. The second episode of caldera formation occurred about 7600 radiocarbon years ago during one of the world's largest Holocene eruptions. A total of 140-170 cu km of material was ejected, and extensive thick pyroclastic-flow deposits from the caldera-forming eruptions blanket the countryside. Ash from the eruption, one of the world's largest during the Holocene, fell more than 1000 km away on the Asia mainland. The eruption resulted in the formation of an 8 x 14 km wide caldera, now largely filled by Kurile Lake. The steep-sided Serdtze Alaida (Heart of Alaid), which forms a small island rising 300 m from the caldera floor in the center of the lake, is a rhyodacitic lava dome that formed at the end of the caldera-forming eruption.