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Kuntomintar is a Pleistocene andesitic stratovolcano that occupies the southern end of Shiashkotan Island in the central Kuriles. A central cone fills a 4-4.5 km caldera, whose rim is visible on the NE side. A second caldera on the west side is breached to the west. An Ainu village that reportedly was destroyed by an eruption in 1872 was later found to be located near Sinarka volcano (Gorshkov, 1970). The only known postglacial activity of Kuntomintar is continuous solfataric activity that originates near the east wall of the inner caldera and a nearby hot sulfur spring.
Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).
|Start Date||Stop Date||Eruption Certainty||VEI||Evidence||Activity Area or Unit|
|[ 1872 ]||[ Unknown ]||Discredited|
This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.
|Kitaio | Kita-Iwo-dake | Minami-Iwo-dake|
|Feature Name||Feature Type||Elevation||Latitude||Longitude|
|Inner caldera wall||Fumarole|
|Kuntomintar is a Pleistocene stratovolcano that occupies the southern end of Shiashkotan Island in the central Kurils. A caldera on the west side, prominent in this Space Shuttle image (with north to the upper left), is breached widely toward the Sea of Okhotsk. A reported 1872 eruption from Kuntomintar was later found to have originated from Sinarka, the northern of the two volcanoes forming Shiashkotan Island. The only known Holocene activity of Kuntomintar is continuous solfataric activity near the east wall of the inner caldera.
NASA Space Shuttle image ISS005-E-6515, 2002 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.
Gorshkov G S, 1958. Kurile Islands. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 7: 1-99.
Gorshkov G S, 1970. Volcanism and the Upper Mantle; Investigations in the Kurile Island Arc. New York: Plenum Publishing Corp, 385 p.