Fuss Peak

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 50.27°N
  • 155.25°E

  • 1772 m
    5812 ft

  • 290340
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Fuss Peak.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Fuss Peak.

Index of Monthly Reports

Reports are organized chronologically and indexed below by Month/Year (Publication Volume:Number), and include a one-line summary. Click on the index link or scroll down to read the reports.

10/1982 (SEAN 07:10) Increased thermal activity

04/1987 (SEAN 12:04) Moderate fumarolic activity

Contents of Monthly Reports

All information contained in these reports is preliminary and subject to change.

All times are local (= UTC + 11 hours)

10/1982 (SEAN 07:10) Increased thermal activity

Recent aerial infrared surveys and ground investigations have shown increasing thermal activity at Fuss Peak. Gorshkov (1967) reported that there was no fumarolic activity at the volcano, E. K. Markhinin found only very minor signs of it in 1969, and fumaroles were not observed during 1971-1976 overflights. In 1973, an aerial infrared survey detected weak thermal anomalies over an area of about 104 m2 in the N and E parts of the crater and on its E rim (Gusev and Zelenov, 1979). When the volcano was resurveyed in 1978, intense thermal anomalies were measured over most of the 700-m-diameter crater, extending down to its bottom about 200 m below the rim. Weak fumaroles were observed in the E and central part of the crater. The 1978 resurvey also found a 50-80 m-wide zone of anomalously high temperatures extending 250-300 m down the E flank from the crater rim (Gusev and Zelenov, 1979). Fumaroles were seen on the E flank during an overflight in the fall of 1981.

G. S. Steinberg visited the volcano in September 1982 and found fumaroles at the base of both the W and E sides of the crater's small median ridge. Activity was stronger at the E base of the ridge, where there were two groups of fumaroles, each with three powerful vapor jets with temperatures of 95-96°C. Bright yellow sulfur crystals were present in some of the vents. Despite the fumaroles, the majority of the crater floor was snow-covered. Many weak fumaroles were observed in a zone of small fissures on the upper flank in the immediate vicinity of the crater rim, but none had deposited sulfur. About halfway down the cone, in a narrow, shallow canyon that was apparently an extension of the upper flank fissure zone, there were three groups of fumaroles, separated by 30-60 m, vigorously emitting a mixture of steam and other gases. Temperatures at these vents were 94-96°C and they had deposited bright yellow sulfur. Within the fissure zone, temperatures at 30-40 cm depth were 9-13°C. Temperatures at similar depths outside the zone were 3-4°C.

References. Gorshkov, G.S., 1967, Vulkanizm Kurilskoi Ostrovnoi Dugi: Nauka, Moscow, 288 p.

Gusev, N.A., and Zelenov, E.N., 1979, The activization of heat regime of the Fuss Peak volcano according to the heat aerial surveying: Volcanology and Seismology, no. 4, p. 102.

Information Contact: G. Steinberg, Sakhalin Complex Institute.

04/1987 (SEAN 12:04) Moderate fumarolic activity

Between 12 October and 2 November 1986, moderate fumarolic activity was observed in the E part of the summit crater. The fumaroles fell along a N-S line that divided the crater. The rest of the crater was snow-covered.

Information Contacts: G. Steinberg and B. Piskunov, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk.

Fuss Peak in the northern Kuriles forms a peninsula that lies across a low isthmus on the SW coast of Paramushir Island. The volcano rises 2800 m from the floor of the Sea of Okhotsk to a height of 1772 m. This isolated symmetrical andesitic stratovolcano has a 700-m-wide, steep-walled crater that is 300 m deep. A deep notch cuts the NW rim of the crater to the level of the crater floor, at the head of a canyon that reaches the coast. Well-preserved lava flows occupy the middle and lower flanks, particularly on the east and SE sides. Only one unambiguous historical eruption, in 1854, is known from Fuss Peak. Reports of eruptions in 1737, 1793, 1857, and 1859 are false (Gorshkov, 1970). Murayama (1987) also listed an eruption in 1742 (only earthquakes and a tsunami are cited by Sapper, 1917) and "smoke" emission in 1933.

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1933 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
1854 Jul 5 Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations
[ 1742 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
1250 (?) Unknown Confirmed 3 Tephrochronology HPM1 tephra
1590 BCE ± 70 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Radiocarbon (corrected) HPM2 tephra
1850 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 1 Tephrochronology HPM3 tephra
3150 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 3 Tephrochronology HPM4 tephra
3850 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology HPM5 tephra
4850 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 1 Tephrochronology HPM7 tephra
5250 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology HPM8 tephra
5340 BCE ± 30 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Radiocarbon (corrected) HPM6 tephra

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Siriadziri | Shiriyajiri-dake | Shiriyaziri
Fuss Peak in the distance forms a peninsula on the SW coast of Paramushir Island. This isolated symmetrical, 1772-m-high stratovolcano has a 700-m-wide, steep-walled crater that is 300 m deep. Well-preserved lava flows occupy the middle and lower flanks, particularly on the east and SE sides. Only one unambiguous historical eruption is known from Fuss Peak, in 1854. A volcanological field party in the foreground examines wave-rounded boulders on the shore of Shirinki Island.

Photo by Oleg Volynets (Institute of Volcanology, Petropavlovsk).
The dramatic symmetrical cone of Fuss Peak forms a peninsula on the SW coast of Paramushir Island, the largest of the Kurils. This isolated 1772-m-high stratovolcano has a 700-m-wide, steep-walled crater that is 300 m deep. The NW rim of the crater is deeply notched to the level of the crater floor, which is drained by the canyon that is seen here descending diagonally to the right as far as the coast. Only one unambiguous historical eruption is known from Fuss Peak, in 1854.

Photo by Yoshihiro Ishizuka, 2000 (Hokkaido University).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Gorshkov G S, 1958. Kurile Islands. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 7: 1-99.

Gorshkov G S, 1970. Volcanism and the Upper Mantle; Investigations in the Kurile Island Arc. New York: Plenum Publishing Corp, 385 p.

Hasegawa Y, Nakagawa M, Yoshimoto M, Ishizuka Y, Hirose W, Sho-icfhi S, Ponomareva V, Alexander R, 2011. Tephrostratigraphy and petrological study of Chikurachki and Fuss volcanoes, western Paramushir Island, northern Kurile Islands: evaluation of Holocene eruptive activity and temporal change of magma system. Quat Internatl, 246: 278-297.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Murayama I, 1987. Volcanoes of Japan (I). Tokyo: Daimedo, 315 p (2nd edition, in Japanese).

Sapper K, 1917. Katalog der Geschichtlichen Vulkanausbruche. Strasbourg: Karl J Trubner, 358 p.

Volcano Types


Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Andesite / Basaltic Andesite


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Fuss Peak Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.