Nemo Peak

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  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 49.57°N
  • 154.808°E

  • 1018 m
    3339 ft

  • 290320
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

There are no activity reports for Nemo Peak.

 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Nemo Peak.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1938 Aug 12 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
[ 1932 (?) ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain     SE flank
1906 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1710 ± 10 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1350 (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology
0750 (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology
0550 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology
1850 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology
3050 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology
5550 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology
7050 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology
7550 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Braitseva O A, Melekestsev I V, Ponomareva V V, Sulerzhitsky L D, 1995. Ages of calderas, large explosive craters and active volcanoes in the Kuril-Kamchatka region, Russia. Bull Volc, 57: 383-402.

Erlich E N, 1986. Geology of the calderas of Kamchatka and Kurile Islands with comparison to calderas of Japan and the Aleutians, Alaska. U S Geol Surv Open-File Rpt, 86-291: 1-300.

Gorshkov G S, 1958. Kurile Islands. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 7: 1-99.

Gorshkov G S, 1970. Volcanism and the Upper Mantle; Investigations in the Kurile Island Arc. New York: Plenum Publishing Corp, 385 p.

Melekestsev I V, Braitseva O A, Kiryanov V Y, 1990. History of eruptive activity and predicting impending eruptions of the peak Nemo volcano on the Onekotan Island, Kuriles. IAVCEI 1993 Internatl Volc Cong, Mainz, Abs, (unpaginated).

Melekestsev I V, Volynets O N, Antonov A Y, 1997. Nemo III caldera (Onekotan I., the northern Kuriles): Structure, 14C age, dynamics of the caldera-forming eruption, evolution of juvenile products. Volc Seism, 19: 41-64 (English translation).

Nemo Peak volcano at the northern end of Onekotan Island in the northern Kuriles is truncated by two nested calderas of preglacial age, the largest of which is 10 km in diameter and extends to the northern coast. A third 5-km-wide caldera formed about 25,000 years ago by collapse of an interglacial cone that was constructed over the glaciated surfaces of the earlier calderas. The 1018-m-high central cone of Nemo Peak is composed of two coalescing andesitic cones that were constructed at the SW side of the youngest caldera and formed in four stages beginning in the early Holocene about 9500 years ago. Construction of the central cone has left the crescent-shaped Chernoe Lake at the NE end of the youngest caldera; lava flows from Nemo Peak form the broad SW shoreline of the lake. The final activity built a lava dome that completely overtops a 350-m-wide crater and has a 150-m-wide crater at its summit. Historical eruptions of Nemo Peak date back to the early-18th century.