Ruruidake [Smirnov]

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  • Japan - administered by Russia
  • Kuril Islands
  • Stratovolcano
  • Unknown - Undated Evidence
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 44.454°N
  • 146.139°E

  • 1486 m
    4874 ft

  • 290021
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Ruruidake [Smirnov].

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Ruruidake [Smirnov].

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Ruruidake [Smirnov].

Ruruidake is a late-Pleistocene andesitic-to-dacitic volcano NW of Tiatia volcano at the NW tip of Kunashir Island in the southern Kuriles. On the S flank is the Smirnov stratovolcano, a gently sloping 1189-m-high structure that in part retains a constructional form, but the southern side has been heavily eroded by glaciers, exposing its Tertiary basement. A wide glacial trough on the SE flank of Smirnov contains a pyroclastic cone at its head that fed a 4-km-long lava flow. Another pyroclastic cone is located at the base of the trough near the terminus of the lava flow. Two fresh-looking lava domes of Holocene age also lie within the glacial valley to the north.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Ruruidake [Smirnov]. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Ruruidake [Smirnov] page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.



Synonyms
Iwa-yama | Ruruidake | Smirnov


Cones
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Ruruidake Stratovolcano 1485 m 44° 27' 16" N 146° 8' 22" E
Smirnov
    Smilnov
    Iwayama
Stratovolcano 44° 25' 20" N 146° 7' 36" E
Vilyams, Mount Cone 675 m 44° 23' 0" N 146° 11' 0" E


Domes
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Gedroits, Mount Dome 766 m 44° 25' 0" N 146° 11' 0" E
The gently sloping volcanic massif on the left-center horizon, left of sharp-peaked Rurui volcano, is Smirnov volcano. These two volcanoes are located at the NW tip of Kunashir Island. Smirnov volcano has been extensively eroded by glaciers, but contains young pyroclastic flows and lava domes. The late-Pleistocene Rurui volcano has an active fumarole field on its western flank. The fresh crater in the foreground is the northern crater of the 1973 eruption of Tiatia volcano, SE of Smirnov and Rurui.

Copyrighted photo by Yoshihiro Ishizuka, 1999 (Japanese Quaternary Volcanoes database, RIODB, http://riodb02.ibase.aist.go.jp/strata/VOL_JP/EN/index.htm and Geol Surv Japan, AIST, http://www.gsj.jp/).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Gorshkov G S, 1970. Volcanism and the Upper Mantle; Investigations in the Kurile Island Arc. New York: Plenum Publishing Corp, 385 p.

Japan Meteorological Agency, 2013. National Catalogue of the Active Volcanoes in Japan (fourth edition, English version). Japan Meteorological Agency.

Nakano S, Yamamoto T, Iwaya T, Itoh J, Takada A, 2001-. Quaternary Volcanoes of Japan. Geol Surv Japan, AIST, http://www.aist.go.jp/RIODB/strata/VOL_JP/.

Ono K, Soya T, Mimura K, 1981. Volcanoes of Japan. Geol Surv Japan Map Ser, no 11, 2nd edition, 1:2,000,000.

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano
Pyroclastic cone(s)
Lava dome(s)

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Intermediate crust (15-25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Dacite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
0
108
903
16,132

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Ruruidake [Smirnov] Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.