Hakusan

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  • Japan
  • Honshu
  • Stratovolcano
  • 1659 CE
  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 36.155°N
  • 136.771°E

  • 2702 m
    8863 ft

  • 283050
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

There are no activity reports for Hakusan.



 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Hakusan.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1659 Apr 21 1659 Aug 8 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Midoriga-ike
1658 Oct (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
[ 1640 Aug 2 (?) ] [ Unknown ] Discredited    
1582 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1579 Sep 27 ± 1 days Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Jigoku-no-oana
1554 May 1556 Confirmed 3 Historical Observations SW of Midoriga-ike
1548 Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations
1547 Mar 4 1547 Oct (?) Confirmed 3 Historical Observations
1239 (?) Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations
[ 1177 May 18 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 3  
1042 Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Midoriga-ike
[ 0900 (?) ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
[ 0884 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
[ 0859 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
[ 0853 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain     Hm-14 tephra?
0706 Sep (?) Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations
0500 ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Hm-13 tephra
0200 (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Hm-11,12 tephras
0200 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (corrected) Kengamine, Hm-10 tephra
2550 BCE ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Hm-9 tephra
3550 BCE ± 500 years Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Hm-8 tephra
3900 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Hm-7 tephra
5000 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Hm-5 tephra
6550 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Hm-4 tephra
7050 BCE ± 500 years Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Hm-3 tephra
7550 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Hm-1 tephra

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Endo K, 1985. Peat deposits and volcanic ashes on Haku-san volcano. Hakusan Nature Conservation Center, Rpt of Sci Res on the Alpine Zone of Mt Hakusan, p 11-30 (in Japanese).

Higashino T, 1989. The Documented Record of the Historic Activity of Mt. Hakusan. Ishikawa Prefecture: Hakusan Nature Conservation Center, 8 p.

Japan Meteorological Agency, 1996. National Catalogue of the Active Volcanoes in Japan (second edition). Tokyo: Japan Meteorological Agency, 502 p (in Japanese).

Japan Meteorological Agency, 2013. National Catalogue of the Active Volcanoes in Japan (fourth edition, English version). Japan Meteorological Agency.

Kuno H, 1962. Japan, Taiwan and Marianas. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 11: 1-332.

Nakano S, Yamamoto T, Iwaya T, Itoh J, Takada A, 2001-. Quaternary Volcanoes of Japan. Geol Surv Japan, AIST, http://www.aist.go.jp/RIODB/strata/VOL_JP/.

Yamasaki M, Nakanishi N, Kaseno Y, 1964. Nuee ardente deposit of Hakusan volcano. Sci Rpt Kanazawa Univ, 9: 189-201.

Yamasaki M, Shimizu S, Moriya I, Togashi S, Endo K, Higashino T, 1988. Evolution of Hakusan volcano, Central Japan, during the last 10000 years and the volcanic disasters in future. Proc Kagoshima Internatl Conf Volc, p 445-447.

Hakusan, along with Fujisan and Ontakesan, is one of Japan's three most sacred mountains. It is a complex andesitic-dacitic stratovolcano overlooking the Japan Sea. The 2702-m-high volcano was constructed over a high basement of sedimentary rocks in a region of very heavy snowfall that has contributed to erosional dissection. Holocene eruptions have consisted of phreatic or phreatomagmatic explosions from several summit craters. Partial collapse of the summit produced a debris avalanche down the E flank during the mid-Holocene. Historical eruptions were recorded over almost a thousand-year period until the 17th century.