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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 20.92°N
  • 95.25°E

  • 1518 m
    4979 ft

  • 275080
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Popa.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Popa.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Popa.

Geological Background

Mount Popa, in central Burma (Myanmar), is a large, steep-sided composite cone that rises 1150 m above a surrounding lava plateau to a height of 1518 m. The main edifice consists of overlapping basaltic and basaltic-andesite lava flows, pyroclastic deposits, and scoriaceous material originating from strombolian eruptions that may have dominated later stages of the volcano's growth. Mount Popa contains a 1.6-km-wide, 850-m-deep horseshoe-shaped caldera that is widely breached to the NW and formed as a result of slope failure. A 3 cu km debris-avalanche deposit covers an area of 27 sq km north of the breach. Local legends describe an eruption in 442 BCE (Stephenson and Marshall, 1984).

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
0442 BCE Unknown Confirmed   Anthropology

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Taunggala Cone 737 m 20° 54' 0" N 95° 12' 0" E

Photo Gallery

This renowned volcanic plug is the focus of the town of Popa at the western foot of Mount Popa volcano. The hornblende-andesitic plug, which itself is known as Mount Popa, is crowned by a major Buddhism-Animism temple complex that is reached by a covered walkway seen at the lower right base of the plug. Grottos cut into the plug contains a series of religious tableaus.

Photo by Sorena Sorensen, 2000 (Smithsonian Institution).
Mount Popa, in central Myanmar (Burma), is a large, steep-sided composite cone that rises 1150 m above the surrounding plain. Seen here from the town of Popa on the western flank of the volcano, the summit of the volcano forms the back headwall of a large horseshoe-shaped caldera produced by collapse of the edifice. This 1.6-km-wide, 850-m-deep caldera is breached to the NW, in the direction of the ridge on the left horizon. A 3 cu km debris-avalanche deposit covers an area of 27 sq km north of the breach.

Photo by Sorena Sorensen, 2000 (Smithsonian Institution).


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Stephenson D, Marshall T R, 1984. The petrology and mineralogy of Mt. Popa volcano and the nature of the late-Cenozoic Burma volcanic area. J Geol Soc London, 141: 747-762.

Whitford-Stark J L, 1987. A survey of Cenozoic volcanism on mainland Asia. Geol Soc Amer Spec Pap, 213: 1-74.

Volcano Types

Lava dome(s)

Tectonic Setting

Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Trachyandesite / Basaltic trachy-andesite


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Popa Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.