- Info & Contacts
The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Iraya.
The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Iraya.
The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Iraya.
The morphologically youthful Iraya volcano, at the north end of Batan Island, is the northernmost active volcano in the Philippines. Iraya is the most prominent feature of the 20-km-long, dumbbell-shaped Batan island, located in the Luzon Strait between Luzon and Taiwan. The 1009-m-high Quaternary stratovolcano has a 1.5-km-wide summit crater, which is largely filled by a younger cone that forms the summit of the volcano. Observed late-Pleistocene and Holocene products are exclusively explosive. The youngest dated unit is a pyroclastic-flow deposit radiocarbon dated at about 1500 years ago (Richard et al., 1986). The Philippines Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (2004-) listed an eruption in 1454 CE of unspecified character.
Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).
|Start Date||Stop Date||Eruption Certainty||VEI||Evidence||Activity Area or Unit|
|1454 (?)||Unknown||Confirmed||Historical Observations|
|0470 ± 50 years||Unknown||Confirmed||Radiocarbon (uncorrected)|
|0250 ± 200 years||Unknown||Confirmed||Radiocarbon (uncorrected)|
This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.
|Clouds drape the summit of Iraya volcano at the NE end of Batan Island (upper right) in this NASA Landsat image (with north to the top). The morphologically youthful volcano is the northernmost active volcano in the Philippines. Iraya is the most prominent feature of the 20-km-long, dumbbell-shaped Batan island, located in the Luzon Strait between Luzon and Taiwan. The Pliocene to early Pleistocene Mount Mataram volcano forms the SW end of Batan Island. The tip of Sabtang Island is at the lower left.
NASA Landsat7 image (worldwind.arc.nasa.gov)
|Forested Iraya volcano rises above the airport on Batan Island. The morphologically youthful volcano is the northernmost active volcano in the Philippines. The 1009-m-high Quaternary stratovolcano has a 1.5-km-wide summit crater, which is largely filled by a younger cone that forms the summit of the volcano. A pyroclastic-flow deposit was radiocarbon dated at about 1500 years ago, and a historical eruption was reported in 1454 AD.
Photo courtesy of PHIVOLCS.
The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.
Defant M J, Jacques D, Maury R C, de Boer J, Joron J-L, 1989. Geochemistry and tectonic setting of the Luzon arc, Philippines. Geol Soc Amer Bull, 101: 663-672.
Defant M J, Maury R C, Joron J, Feigenson M D, Leterrier J, Bellon H, Jacques D, Richard M, 1990. The geochemistry and tectonic setting of the northern section of the Luzon arc (the Philippines and Taiwan). Tectonophysics, 183: 187-205.
IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..
PHIVOLCS, 1991. Volcanoes of the Philippines. Manila: PHIVOLCS Press, 41 p.
PHIVOLCS, 2004-. Volcanoes. http://www.phivolcs.dost.gov.ph/Volcanolist/.
Richard M, Maury R C, Bellon H, Stephan J F, Boirat J M, Calderon A, 1986. Geology of Mt. Iraya volcano and Batan Island, northern Philippines. Philippine J Volc, 3: 1-27.