Camiguin de Babuyanes

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 18.83°N
  • 121.86°E

  • 712 m
    2335 ft

  • 274010
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Camiguin de Babuyanes.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Camiguin de Babuyanes.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Camiguin de Babuyanes.

Forested 712-m-high Mount Camiguin occupies the SW tip of 22-km-long Camiguin Island in the Babuyan archipelago, north of Luzon Island. Following construction of an andesitic volcano during the Pliocene, the subsidiary cones of Minabul to the north and Caanoan to the east were constructed on the northern part of the island. The southern part of the island consists of three volcanic centers located along a SSE-NNW line, the andesitic Mount Camiguin stratovolcano and the young andesitic lava domes of Mt. Malabsing and Pamoctan. A phreatic eruption, possibly in part submarine, was reported from Camiguin de Babuyanes around 1857. Fumaroles are found on the SW, west, and east flanks of the volcano, and a boiling spring is located near sea level on the western flank of the volcano.

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1857 (in or before) Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations SW flank

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Synonyms

Dakelabai | Dakelabalai

Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Caanoan Cone
Camiguin, Mount Stratovolcano
Minabul Cone

Domes

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Malabsing, Mount Dome
Pamoctan Dome
Camiguin de Babuyanes volcano (lower left), the youngest on Camiguin Island, occupies the SW tip of the 22-km-long island in the Babuyan archipelago, north of Luzon Island. The forested, 712-m-high Camiguin stratovolcano, along with the cones of Minabul to the north and Caanoan to the east, was constructed during the mid Pleistocene along a NE-SW fracture zone. A phreatic eruption, possibly in part submarine, was reported from Camiguin de Babuyanes in about 1857.

NASA Space Shuttle image STS55-92-5, 1993 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

COMVOL, 1981. Catalogue of Philippine volcanoes and solfataric areas. Philippine Comm Volc, 87 p.

Defant M J, Jacques D, Maury R C, de Boer J, Joron J-L, 1989. Geochemistry and tectonic setting of the Luzon arc, Philippines. Geol Soc Amer Bull, 101: 663-672.

Defant M J, Maury R C, Joron J, Feigenson M D, Leterrier J, Bellon H, Jacques D, Richard M, 1990. The geochemistry and tectonic setting of the northern section of the Luzon arc (the Philippines and Taiwan). Tectonophysics, 183: 187-205.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Neumann van Padang M, 1953. Philippine Islands and Cochin China. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 2: 1-49.

PHIVOLCS, 2004-. Volcanoes. http://www.phivolcs.dost.gov.ph/Volcanolist/.

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano
Lava dome(s)

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Crustal thickness unknown

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
876
1,066
1,369
409,653

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Camiguin de Babuyanes Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.