Mariveles

Photo of this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 14.52°N
  • 120.47°E

  • 1388 m
    4553 ft

  • 273081
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Mariveles.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Mariveles.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Mariveles.

The low, but massive Mariveles stratovolcano lies at the southern end of the Bataan Peninsula, on the west side of Manila Bay. The morphologically youthful, dominantly andesitic volcano rises to 1388 m and is truncated by a 4-km-wide caldera that drains to the north. Mount Slamet on the north and Mount Limay on the east are major, youthful-looking flank cones. A mid-Holocene eruption has been radiocarbon dated at 4000 years before present.

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
2050 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Limay, Mount Cone
Samat, Mount Cone

Thermal

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Balong Anito Thermal
The low, but massive Mariveles stratovolcano forms the southern end of the Bataan Peninsula, on the west side of Manila Bay. The morphologically youthful volcano is truncated by a 4-km-wide caldera that drains to the north. A mid-Holocene eruption has been radiocarbon dated at 4000 years before present. The city of Manila at the lower right lies 50 km across the bay from the volcano.

Photo by National Aeronautical and Space Administration (NASA), 1992.

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

COMVOL, 1981. Catalogue of Philippine volcanoes and solfataric areas. Philippine Comm Volc, 87 p.

Defant M J, Maury R C, Ripley E M, Feigenson M D, Jacques D, 1991. An example of island-arc petrogenesis: geochemistry and petrology of the southern Luzon arc, Philippines. J Petr, 32: 455-500.

Nuclear Regulatory Commission, 1979. . (pers. comm.).

PHIVOLCS, 2004-. Volcanoes. http://www.phivolcs.dost.gov.ph/Volcanolist/.

Wolfe J A, Self S, 1983. Structural lineaments and Neogene volcanism in southwestern Luzon. In: Hayes D E (ed) {The Tectonic and Geological Evolution of Southeast Asian Seas and Islands: Part 2}, Amer Geophys Union Monograph 27.

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano
Caldera

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
903
48,079
455,154
25,981,912

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Mariveles Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.