Laguna Caldera

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  • Philippines
  • Luzon
  • Caldera
  • Unknown
  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 14.42°N
  • 121.27°E

  • 743 m
    2437 ft

  • 273080
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

There are no activity reports for Laguna Caldera.



 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Laguna Caldera.

There are no Holocene eruptions known for Laguna Caldera. If this volcano has had large eruptions prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Catane S G, Taniguchi H, Goto A, Givero A P, Mandanas A A, 2005. Explosive volcanism in the Philippines. CNEAS Monograph Ser, Tohoku Univ, 18: 1-146.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Neumann van Padang M, 1953. Philippine Islands and Cochin China. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 2: 1-49.

Wolfe J A, 1982. . (pers. comm.).

Wolfe J A, Self S, 1983. Structural lineaments and Neogene volcanism in southwestern Luzon. In: Hayes D E (ed) {The Tectonic and Geological Evolution of Southeast Asian Seas and Islands: Part 2}, Amer Geophys Union Monograph 27.

The elliptical, 10 x 20 km wide Laguna Caldera SE of Manila forms the middle lake-filled basin of the three-pronged, dinosaur-footprint-shaped Laguna de Bay, the largest lake on Luzon Island. Pre-caldera Pleistocene volcanism formed basaltic to basaltic-andesitic volcanoes, including Talim Island and Mount Sembrano stratovolcanoes on opposite sides of the current caldera. The caldera, whose lake surface is only 1 m above sea level, may have formed during at least two major explosive eruptions about 1 million and 27,000-29,000 years ago. Post-caldera volcanism formed maars of young, but unknown age at the southern end of elongated Talim Island, which forms the SW rim of the caldera. Jalajala is a solfataric field on the flank of Mount Sembrano on the Jalajala Peninsula, which forms the eastern rim of the caldera.