Laguna Caldera

Photo of this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 14.42°N
  • 121.27°E

  • 743 m
    2437 ft

  • 273080
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Laguna Caldera.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Laguna Caldera.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Laguna Caldera.

The elliptical, 10 x 20 km wide Laguna Caldera SE of Manila forms the middle lake-filled basin of the three-pronged, dinosaur-footprint-shaped Laguna de Bay, the largest lake on Luzon Island. Pre-caldera Pleistocene volcanism formed basaltic to basaltic-andesitic volcanoes, including Talim Island and Mount Sembrano stratovolcanoes on opposite sides of the current caldera. The caldera, whose lake surface is only 1 m above sea level, may have formed during at least two major explosive eruptions about 1 million and 27,000-29,000 years ago. Post-caldera volcanism formed maars of young, but unknown age at the southern end of elongated Talim Island, which forms the SW rim of the caldera. Jalajala is a solfataric field on the flank of Mount Sembrano on the Jalajala Peninsula, which forms the eastern rim of the caldera.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Laguna Caldera. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Laguna Caldera page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Sembrano, Mount Stratovolcano
Talim Island Stratovolcano

Thermal

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Jalajala
    Sulfur Hill
Thermal 743 m 14° 21' 0" N 121° 20' 0" E
The center of the three-pronged, dinosaur-footprint-shaped Laguna de Bay in the center of the NASA Space Shuttle image (with north to the upper right) is Laguna Caldera. The caldera, whose lake surface is only 1 m above sea level, may have formed during at least two major explosive eruptions about 1 million and 27,000-29,000 years ago. The city of Manila lies along Manila Bay at the top center, and the large caldera at the lower left is Taal. At the extreme right is the Pacific Ocean.

Photo by National Aeronautical and Space Administration (NASA), 1992.

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Catane S G, Taniguchi H, Goto A, Givero A P, Mandanas A A, 2005. Explosive volcanism in the Philippines. CNEAS Monograph Ser, Tohoku Univ, 18: 1-146.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Neumann van Padang M, 1953. Philippine Islands and Cochin China. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 2: 1-49.

Wolfe J A, 1982. . (pers. comm.).

Wolfe J A, Self S, 1983. Structural lineaments and Neogene volcanism in southwestern Luzon. In: Hayes D E (ed) {The Tectonic and Geological Evolution of Southeast Asian Seas and Islands: Part 2}, Amer Geophys Union Monograph 27.

Volcano Types

Caldera
Maar(s)

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Trachyte / Trachyandesite
Dacite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Rhyolite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
625,567
625,567
7,073,814
26,270,664

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Laguna Caldera Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.