Cabalían

Photo of this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 10.287°N
  • 125.221°E

  • 945 m
    3100 ft

  • 272050
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Cabalían.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Cabalían.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Cabalían.

Mount Cabalían, at the SE tip of Leyte Island, is dissected by steep radial ridges that are moderately to thickly vegetated. A lake fills the summit crater of the 945-m-high andesitic volcano, which has an irregular rim with two high peaks on the southern side. A thermoluminescence date of about 510,000 yrs BP was obtained from Cantoloc stratovolcano immediately to the NW. A radiocarbon date of about 135 +/- 30 yrs BP was obtained from a pyroclastic-flow deposit from Cabalían. Hot springs are found on the east and west flanks of Cabalían.

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1820 ± 30 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Cantoloc
    Cantocloc
    Contodoc
Stratovolcano 820 m 10° 17' 50" N 125° 12' 35" E
Mount Cabalían occupies the rounded peninsula (right), at the SE tip of Leyte Island, rising above Cabalían Bay (center) and Surigao Strait (right). Sogod Bay is at the left. The volcano is dissected by steep radial ridges that are moderately to thickly vegetated. Cloud banks obscure the summit of the volcano, which contains a crater lake. Hot springs are found on the east and west flanks of Cabalían.

NASA Landsat image, 1999 (courtesy of Hawaii Synergy Project, Univ. of Hawaii Institute of Geophysics & Planetology).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

COMVOL, 1981. Catalogue of Philippine volcanoes and solfataric areas. Philippine Comm Volc, 87 p.

Del Mundo E T, Arpa M C, 2007. . (pers. comm.).

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Neumann van Padang M, 1953. Philippine Islands and Cochin China. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 2: 1-49.

Newhall C G, 2008. . (pers. comm.).

PHIVOLCS, 2004-. Volcanoes. http://www.phivolcs.dost.gov.ph/Volcanolist/.

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
26,511
88,767
277,950
2,091,362

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Cabalían Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.