Parker

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  • Philippines
  • Mindanao
  • Stratovolcano
  • 1641 CE
  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 6.113°N
  • 124.892°E

  • 1824 m
    5983 ft

  • 271011
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

6 March-12 March 2002

PHIVOLCS staff dispelled concerns that Parker might erupt after a M 7.5 earthquake (according to the US Geological Survey NEIC) occurred near the volcano on 6 March at 0516. According to news articles, tremor caused a portion of the volcano's crater wall to breach and fall into Lake Maughan atop the volcano. Articles also stated that tons of water that were released from the lake washed away houses and about 33 families were evacuated from river banks below Lake Maughan due to fears that more of the lake would overflow. Government agencies plan to conduct an aerial inspection to assess the lake's water level.

Sources: Philstar News, Reuters, Agence France-Presse (AFP), US Geological Survey Earthquake Hazards Program



 Available Weekly Reports


2002: March


6 March-12 March 2002

PHIVOLCS staff dispelled concerns that Parker might erupt after a M 7.5 earthquake (according to the US Geological Survey NEIC) occurred near the volcano on 6 March at 0516. According to news articles, tremor caused a portion of the volcano's crater wall to breach and fall into Lake Maughan atop the volcano. Articles also stated that tons of water that were released from the lake washed away houses and about 33 families were evacuated from river banks below Lake Maughan due to fears that more of the lake would overflow. Government agencies plan to conduct an aerial inspection to assess the lake's water level.

Sources: Philstar News, Reuters, Agence France-Presse (AFP), US Geological Survey Earthquake Hazards Program


Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1640 Dec 26 ± 5 days 1641 Jan 4 Confirmed 5 Historical Observations
1380 ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (corrected)
1920 BCE ± 40 years Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (uncorrected)

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Catane S G, Taniguchi H, Goto A, Givero A P, Mandanas A A, 2005. Explosive volcanism in the Philippines. CNEAS Monograph Ser, Tohoku Univ, 18: 1-146.

Delfin F G Jr, Newhall C G, Martinez M L, Salonga N D, Bayon F E B, Trimble D, Solidum R, 1997. Geological, 14C, and historical evidence for a 17th century eruption of Parker volcano, Mindanao, Philippines. J Geol Soc Philippines, 52: 25-42.

Newhall C G, 2004. . (pers. comm.).

PHIVOLCS, 2004-. Volcanoes. http://www.phivolcs.dost.gov.ph/Volcanolist/.

Smithsonian Institution-GVN, 1990-. [Monthly event reports]. Bull Global Volc Network, v 15-33.

Parker volcano, also known locally as Falen, is a low, vegetated stratovolcano overlooking Sarangani Bay near the southern tip of Mindanao Island. The steep-sided, 1824-m-high andesitic-dacitic stratovolcano is surrounded by extensive, youthful pyroclastic-flow deposits that suggest parallels to Pinatubo volcano. The summit of Parker is truncated by a 2.9-km-wide caldera with steep-sided walls that rise 200-500 m above heart-shaped Maughan Lake. This volcano was unknown to most volcanologists until recent years, but it is now known to have been the source of a major explosive eruption in 1641 that was previously attributed to Awu volcano on Sangihe Island, Indonesia and caused darkness over the island of Mindanao. The 1641 eruption included the emplacement of voluminous pyroclastic flows and lahars and resulted in the formation of the summit caldera. This was the last of three major explosive eruptions from Parker during the last 3800 years.