Makian

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  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 0.32°N
  • 127.4°E

  • 1357 m
    4451 ft

  • 268070
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

15 July-21 July 2009

CVGHM reported that on 16 July the Alert Level for Makian was lowered from 2 to 1 (on a scale of 1-4) because no visual changes or increased seismicity were noted. Residents and tourists were not permitted to climb Makian.

Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG) also known CVGHM



 Available Weekly Reports


2009: May | July
2001: August


15 July-21 July 2009

CVGHM reported that on 16 July the Alert Level for Makian was lowered from 2 to 1 (on a scale of 1-4) because no visual changes or increased seismicity were noted. Residents and tourists were not permitted to climb Makian.

Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG) also known CVGHM


27 May-2 June 2009

CVGHM reported that during 28 May-2 June seismicity from Makian increased, particularly the occurrence of tremor. Little, if any, increases in emissions were seen. The Alert level was raised to 2 (on a scale of 1-4).

Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG) also known CVGHM


22 August-28 August 2001

VSI stated that last week's report of volcanic activity at Makian on 16 August was false. An observer mistook the glow from a bush fire as volcanic activity.

Sources: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG) also known CVGHM, Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC)


15 August-21 August 2001

An eruption began at Makian on 16 August at 1930. During the eruption, chunks of incandescent lava were ejected 75 m through the air. Residents were evacuated to the S side of the island. The volcano is at Alert Level Red.

NOTE: VSI has since reported that this eruption is likely to have been a bush fire. We are seeking more information.

Source: Société Volcanologique Européenne


Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1988 Jul 29 1988 Aug 5 Confirmed 3 Historical Observations
1890 Jun 20 1890 Jun 30 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1864 Oct 1864 Oct Confirmed 1 Historical Observations
1863 Aug 25 1863 Aug 31 Confirmed 1 Historical Observations
1861 Dec 28 1862 Oct Confirmed 4 Historical Observations
[ 1860 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 1  
[ 1854 Jun 18 ] [ 1854 Jun 18 ] Uncertain 1  
1760 Sep 22 1761 Apr 30 (in or after) Confirmed 4 Historical Observations
[ 1660 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
1646 Jul 19 1646 Jul 21 Confirmed 4 Historical Observations
[ 1608 ] [ 1609 ] Discredited    
1550 (in or before) Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Kusumadinata K, 1979. Data Dasar Gunungapi Indonesia. Bandung: Volc Surv Indonesia, 820 p.

Matahelumual J, 1986a. G Makian. Bull Volc Surv Indonesia, 110: 1-37 (in Indonesian).

Morris J D, Jezek P A, Hart S R, Gill J B, 1983. The Halmahera Island arc, Molucca Sea collision zone, Indonesia: a geochemical survey. In: Hayes D E (ed) The Tectonic and Geologic Evolution of Southeast Asia Seas and Islands, part 2, {Amer Geophys Union, Geophys Monogr}, 27: 373-387.

Neumann van Padang M, 1951. Indonesia. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 1: 1-271.

Sudradjat A, 1977. . (pers. comm.).

Makian volcano forms a 10-km-wide island near the southern end of a chain of volcanic islands off the west coast of Halmahera and has been the source of infrequent, but violent eruptions that have devastated villages on the island. The large 1.5-km-wide summit crater, containing a small lake on the NE side, gives the 1357-m-high peak a flat-topped profile. Two prominent valleys extend to the coast from the summit crater on the north and east sides. Four parasitic cones are found on the western flanks. Eruption have been recorded since about 1550; major eruptions in 1646, 1760-61, 1861-62, 1890, and 1988 caused extensive damage and many fatalities.