Banda Api

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  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 4.525°S
  • 129.871°E

  • 640 m
    2099 ft

  • 265090
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

There are no activity reports for Banda Api.



 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Banda Api.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1988 May 9 1988 May 17 Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Summit, north and south flanks
[ 1902 Mar 20 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
1901 May 18 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Summit and north flank
1890 Nov 23 1890 Nov 23 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
[ 1855 Dec 29 ] [ 1855 Dec 30 ] Uncertain    
[ 1835 Oct ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
1825 (?) 1831 Confirmed 1 Historical Observations
1824 Apr 22 1824 Jun 28 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations North side
1820 Jun 11 1820 Aug 8 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Summit, south and NNW flanks
1816 Oct 11 1816 Dec Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1778 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1775 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1773 Feb 6 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1765 Apr 19 1766 Oct Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1762 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1749 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1722 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1712 May 1712 Dec Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1690 1696 May 22 Confirmed 3 Historical Observations
1683 Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations
1635 Nov 18 Unknown Confirmed 1 Historical Observations
1632 Dec 16 Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations
1615 Mar 16 1615 Apr (?) Confirmed 3 Historical Observations
[ 1614 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
1609 Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations
1598 1602 Confirmed 3 Historical Observations
1586 Apr 17 Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Casadevall T J, Pardyanto L, Abas H, Tulus, 1989. The 1988 eruption of Banda Api volcano, Maluku, Indonesia. Geol Indonesia, 12: 603-635.

Jezek P A, Hutchison C S, 1978. Banda Arc of Eastern Indonesia: petrology and geochemistry of volcanic rocks. Bull Volc, 41: 586-608.

Katsui Y (ed), 1971. List of the World Active Volcanoes. Volc Soc Japan draft ms, (limited circulation), 160 p.

Neumann van Padang M, 1951. Indonesia. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 1: 1-271.

Vroon P Z, 1992. Subduction of continental material in the Banda Arc, eastern Indonesia: Sr-Nd-Pb isotope and trace element evidence from volcanics and sediments. Fac Aardwetenschappen Rijksuniversiteit Utrecht, 205 p.

The small island volcano of Banda Api is the NE-most volcano in the Sunda-Banda arc and has a long period of historical observation because of its key location in the thriving Portuguese and Dutch spice trade. The basaltic-to-rhyodacitic Banda Api is located in the SW corner of a 7-km-wide mostly submerged caldera that comprises the northernmost of a chain of volcanic islands in the Banda Sea. At least two episodes of caldera formation are thought to have occurred, with the arcuate islands of Lonthor and Neira considered to be remnants of the pre-caldera volcanoes. Gunung Api forms a conical peak rising to 640 m at the center of the 3-km-wide Banda Api island. Historical eruptions have been recorded since 1586, mostly consisting of strombolian eruptions from the summit crater, but larger explosive eruptions have occurred and occasional lava flows have reached the coast.