Batur

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  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 8.242°S
  • 115.375°E

  • 1717 m
    5632 ft

  • 264010
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

17 November-23 November 2010

CVGHM reported that seismicity from Batur decreased from 1 June to 17 November and fumarolic plumes rose from the crater. On 19 November the Alert level was lowered to Normal, or 1 (on a scale of 1-4).

Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG) also known CVGHM



 Available Weekly Reports


2010: November
2009: November
2001: April


17 November-23 November 2010

CVGHM reported that seismicity from Batur decreased from 1 June to 17 November and fumarolic plumes rose from the crater. On 19 November the Alert level was lowered to Normal, or 1 (on a scale of 1-4).

Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG) also known CVGHM


4 November-10 November 2009

CVGHM reported increased seismicity from Batur from September to 7 November and a significant increase in the number of volcanic earthquakes on 8 November. The Alert Level was raised to 2 (on a scale of 1-4).

Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG) also known CVGHM


18 April-24 April 2001

VSI reported that there were no major changes visible at Batur during 9-15 April. Thin steam plumes continued to rise above the volcano's crater. Seismographs recorded no shallow volcanic earthquakes, two deep volcanic earthquakes, two small explosion earthquakes, and 17 tectonic earthquakes. The volcano remained at Alert Level 2 (on a scale of 1-4).

Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG) also known CVGHM


11 April-17 April 2001

During 2-9 April, thin steam plumes were observed rising from Batur's crater. Seismographs recorded one deep volcanic earthquake, two shallow volcanic earthquakes, ten tectonic earthquakes, and five small explosion events. Batur is at Alert Level 2 (on a scale of 1-4).

Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG) also known CVGHM


Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1999 Mar 15 2000 Jun (?) Confirmed 1 Historical Observations
1998 Jul 4 ± 3 days Unknown Confirmed 1 Historical Observations
1994 Aug 7 1994 Aug 14 (in or after) Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Batur III
[ 1976 Mar 26 ] [ 1976 Mar 26 ] Uncertain 1  
1974 Mar 12 1974 Apr Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Batur III
1973 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations
1972 Jan 19 1972 Mar Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Batur III
1971 Mar 11 1971 Aug 25 (in or after) Confirmed 1 Historical Observations
1970 Jan 5 ± 4 days 1970 Jan 15 Confirmed 1 Historical Observations SW flank (1963 vent)
1968 Jan 23 1968 Feb 15 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations SW flank (Batur III)
1966 Apr 28 Unknown Confirmed 1 Historical Observations SW flank (west of 1965 vent)
1965 Aug 18 1965 Dec Confirmed 1 Historical Observations SW flank (near Batur III)
1963 Sep 5 1964 May 10 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations SW, W flanks (near Batur III, Butus)
1926 Aug 2 1926 Sep 21 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations SW flank below Batur III
1925 Jan 5 ± 4 days 1925 Jan 5 ± 4 days Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Batur II
1924 Mar 1924 Mar (?) Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Batur II
1923 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Batur II
1922 Aug 30 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1921 Jan 29 1921 Apr 17 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations SW flank (Batur II)
1905 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Batur I, Batur II, Batur III
1904 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations West caldera floor (Gunung Anti)
1897 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Batur I
1888 May 30 1888 May 31 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations SE flank of Batur I
1854 Apr 28 Unknown Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Batur I
1849 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
[ 1847 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
1821 Mar 16 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Batur I
1804 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Batur I

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Marinelli G, Tazieff H, 1968. L'Ignimbrite et la caldera de Batur (Bali, Indonesia). Bull Volc, 32: 89-120.

Neumann van Padang M, 1951. Indonesia. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 1: 1-271.

Reubi O, Nicholls I A, 2004. Variability in eruptive dynamics associated with caldera collapse: an example from two successive eruptions at Batur volcanic field, Bali, Indonesia. Bull Volc, 66: 134-148.

Stehn C E, 1928. Volcanological work in the Dutch East Indies during 1923-1926. Proc 3rd Pacific Sci Cong, 1: 718-734.

Sutawidjaja I S, 2000. A guide to the geological phenomena of Batura caldera, Bali, Indonesia. IAVCEI General Assembly, Bali 2000 Excursion Guide, 33 p.

Sutawidjaja I S, Chaniago R, Kamal S, 1992. Geologic map of Batur caldera, Bali, Indonesia. Volc Surv Indonesia, 1:50,000.

Wheller G E, 1986. Petrogenesis of Batur caldera, Bali, and the geochemistry of Sunda-Banda arc basalts. Unpublished PhD thesis, Univ Tasmania, 156 p.

Wheller G E, Varne R, 1986. Genesis of dacitic magmatism at Batur volcano, Bali, Indonesia: implications for the origins of stratovolcano calderas. J Volc Geotherm Res, 28: 363-378.

The historically active Batur volcano is located at the center of two concentric calderas NW of Agung volcano. The outer 10 x 13.5 km wide caldera was formed during eruption of the Bali (or Ubud) Ignimbrite about 29,300 years ago and now contains a caldera lake on its SE side, opposite the satellitic cone of 2152-m-high Gunung Abang, the topographic high of the Batur complex. The inner 6.4 x 9.4 km wide caldera was formed about 20,150 years ago during eruption of the Gunungkawi Ignimbrite. The SE wall of the inner caldera lies beneath Lake Batur; Batur cone has been constructed within the inner caldera to a height above the outer caldera rim. The 1717-m-high Batur stratovolcano has produced vents over much of the inner caldera, but a NE-SW fissure system has localized the Batur I, II, and III craters along the summit ridge. Historical eruptions have been characterized by mild-to-moderate explosive activity sometimes accompanied by lava emission. Basaltic lava flows from both summit and flank vents have reached the caldera floor and the shores of Lake Batur in historical time.