Kawi-Butak

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  • Indonesia
  • Indonesia
  • Stratovolcano(es)
  • Unknown - Undated Evidence
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  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 7.92°S
  • 112.45°E

  • 2651 m
    8695 ft

  • 263281
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

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    Number

Most Recent Bulletin Report: March 2003 (BGVN 28:03)


Fires detected on infrared satellite imagery, but no volcanic activity

MODIS thermal alerts at Kawi-Butak during 2001 and 2002 occurred only in August and October 2002 mostly to the SE of the summit. These almost certainly represent fires rather than volcanic events. The biggest detected alert occurred on 12 October and was characterized by seven alert-pixels with maximum alert ratio of -0.298. These alert pixels were in a group including the summit and the N flank, and are the best candidate for an eruption, though it is unlikely that an eruption of the kind required to trigger such an alert (a significant lava dome or flow) would have gone unreported. The Volcanological Survey of Indonesia confirmed that there was no eruption at Kawi-Butak on 12 October 2002 and that the thermal alert was indeed caused by a bush fire.

Information Contacts: Dali Ahmad, Volcanological Survey of Indonesia (VSI), Jalan Diponegoro No. 57, Bandung 40122, Indonesia (Email: dali@vsi.esdm.go.id, URL: http://www.vsi.esdm.go.id/); Diego Coppola and David A. Rothery, Department of Earth Sciences, The Open University, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA, UK (Email: d.coppola@open.ac.uk, d.a.rothery@open.ac.uk). Thermal alerts courtesy of the HIGP MODIS Thermal Alerts Team (URL: http://modis.higp.hawaii.edu/).

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Kawi-Butak.

Index of Bulletin Reports


Reports are organized chronologically and indexed below by Month/Year (Publication Volume:Number), and include a one-line summary. Click on the index link or scroll down to read the reports.

03/2003 (BGVN 28:03) Fires detected on infrared satellite imagery, but no volcanic activity




Bulletin Reports

All information contained in these reports is preliminary and subject to change.


03/2003 (BGVN 28:03) Fires detected on infrared satellite imagery, but no volcanic activity

MODIS thermal alerts at Kawi-Butak during 2001 and 2002 occurred only in August and October 2002 mostly to the SE of the summit. These almost certainly represent fires rather than volcanic events. The biggest detected alert occurred on 12 October and was characterized by seven alert-pixels with maximum alert ratio of -0.298. These alert pixels were in a group including the summit and the N flank, and are the best candidate for an eruption, though it is unlikely that an eruption of the kind required to trigger such an alert (a significant lava dome or flow) would have gone unreported. The Volcanological Survey of Indonesia confirmed that there was no eruption at Kawi-Butak on 12 October 2002 and that the thermal alert was indeed caused by a bush fire.

Information Contacts: Dali Ahmad, Volcanological Survey of Indonesia (VSI), Jalan Diponegoro No. 57, Bandung 40122, Indonesia (Email: dali@vsi.esdm.go.id, URL: http://www.vsi.esdm.go.id/); Diego Coppola and David A. Rothery, Department of Earth Sciences, The Open University, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA, UK (Email: d.coppola@open.ac.uk, d.a.rothery@open.ac.uk). Thermal alerts courtesy of the HIGP MODIS Thermal Alerts Team (URL: http://modis.higp.hawaii.edu/).
Download or Cite this Report

The broad Kawi-Butak volcanic massif lies immediately east of Kelut volcano and south of Arjuno-Welirang volcano. The 2551-m-high Gunung Kawi was constructed to the NW of 2868-m-high Gunung Butak. No historical eruptions are known from either volcano, but both are primarily of Holocene age.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Kawi-Butak. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Kawi-Butak page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

The Global Volcanism Program has no synonyms or subfeatures listed for Kawi-Butak.

The broad Kawi-Butak volcanic massif, seen here from the ENE along the rim of Tengger caldera, lies immediately east of Kelut volcano and south of Arjuno-Welirang volcano. The 2551-m-high Gunung Kawi (right) was constructed to the NW of 2868-m-high Gunung Butak (center).

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1995 (Smithsonian Institution).
The broad Kawi-Butak volcanic massif rises above rice paddies below its SW flank. The forested volcano lies immediately east of Kelut volcano and south of Arjuno-Welirang volcano. The high point of the complex is flat-topped 2868-m-high Gunung Butak on the right horizon. The 2551-m-high Gunung Kawi (left-center) was constructed to the NW of Butak. No historical eruptions are known from either volcano, but both are primarily of Holocene age.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 2000 (Smithsonian Institution).
Three young volcanoes in eastern Java are seen in this aerial view from the NE. The Arjuno-Welirang massif lies at the left-center, with 3339-m-high Gunung Arjuno forming the high point of the complex and light-colored Gunung Welirang to the NW (right). In the background is the Kawi-Butak massif, with 2868-m-high Gunung Butak forming the high point and Gunung Kawi to its right. The smaller conical peak of Penanggungan rises above lowlands in the foreground.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 2000 (Smithsonian Institution).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano(es)

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
No Data (checked)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
507
127,978
2,927,446
24,141,573

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Kawi-Butak Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.