Muria

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 6.62°S
  • 110.88°E

  • 1625 m
    5330 ft

  • 263251
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Muria.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Muria.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Muria.

Muria stratovolcano forms the broad Muria Peninsula along the northern coast of central Java and lies well north of the main volcanic chain. This 1625-m-high volcano occupies much of the peninsula and is flanked by Genuk volcano, an eroded lava-dome complex near the coast at the northern base of Muria. Muria (also spelled Muriah) is largely Pleistocene in age and displays deeply eroded flanks. The summit of the high-potassium volcano is cut by several large N-S-trending craters, some containing lava domes. Numerous flank vents include lava domes, cinder cones, and maars. The most recent eruptive activity at Muria produced three maars on the SE and NE flanks and a lava flow from a SE-flank vent that entered one of the maars. Conflicting late-Pleistocene to Holocene age dates for these maars leave uncertainties about their ages, but their youthful morphology in surrounding eroded terrain suggests a probable Holocene age, and they could be as young as several thousand years.

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
0160 BCE ± 300 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) East flank (Gunung Bambang)

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.



Synonyms
Muriah


Cones
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Silamuk Pyroclastic cone


Craters
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Bambang, Gunung Maar
Gembong, Gunung Maar
Rowo, Gunung Maar


Domes
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Blumbang Dome
Genuk Dome 6° 26' 0" S 110° 55' 0" E
Joglo, Mount Dome
Rahtawu Dome
Sutarengga Dome
Telon Dome
Wangkong Dome
Muria stratovolcano forms the broad Muria Peninsula along the northern coast of central Java in this NASA Landsat mosaic (with north to the top). This 1625-m-high volcano lies well north of the main volcanic chain in Java. It is largely Pleistocene in age and displays deeply eroded flanks. The summit is cut by several large N-S-trending craters, some containing lava domes. The most recent eruptive activity at Muria produced three maars on the SE and NE flanks and a lava flow from a SE-flank vent that entered one of the maars.

NASA Landsat7 image (worldwind.arc.nasa.gov)

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

McBirney A R, Serva L, Guerra M, Conner C B, 2003. Volcanic and seismic hazards at a proposed nuclear power site in central Java. J Volc Geotherm Res, 126: 11-30.

Nichols I A, Whitford D J, 1983. Potassium-rich volcanic rocks of the Muriah complex, Java, Indonesia: products of multiple magma sources?. J Volc Geotherm Res, 18: 337-359.

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano
Lava dome(s)
Cinder cone(s)
Maar(s)

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite
Trachyte / Trachyandesite
Phonolite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
212
7,653
1,587,867
13,061,031

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Muria Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.