Guntur

Photo of this volcano
Google Earth icon
Google Earth Placemark
  • Indonesia
  • Java
  • Complex
  • 1847 CE
  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 7.143°S
  • 107.84°E

  • 2249 m
    7377 ft

  • 263130
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

28 August-3 September 2013

CVGHM reported that the number of deep and shallow volcanic earthquakes at Guntur increased during 15-21 August; seismicity declined after that period. On 30 August at 0820 seismicity again increased, characterized by continuous tremor that lasted until 1450. At 1600 CVGHM raised the Alert Level to 2 (on a scale of 1-4) and reminded residents and visitors not to approach the active crater within a 2-km radius.

Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG) also known CVGHM



 Available Weekly Reports


2013: May | August
2002: December


28 August-3 September 2013

CVGHM reported that the number of deep and shallow volcanic earthquakes at Guntur increased during 15-21 August; seismicity declined after that period. On 30 August at 0820 seismicity again increased, characterized by continuous tremor that lasted until 1450. At 1600 CVGHM raised the Alert Level to 2 (on a scale of 1-4) and reminded residents and visitors not to approach the active crater within a 2-km radius.

Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG) also known CVGHM


8 May-14 May 2013

CVGHM reported that in early March a slight increase of deep and shallow volcanic-tectonic earthquakes at Guntur was recorded; volcanic tremor became continuous on 2 April, prompting CVGHM to raise the Alert Level to 2 (on a scale of 1-4).

Temperature measurements of hot springs in five different areas fluctuated until mid-April and then were relatively stable through early May. Seismicity also decreased in early May. On 7 May the Alert Level was lowered to 1.

Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG) also known CVGHM


24 December-30 December 2002

During 9-15 December higher-than-normal seismicity at Guntur led VSI to raise the Alert Level to 2 (on a scale of 1-4). Visual observations of the summit did not reveal any surface changes or ash plumes. In comparison to the previous week, the number of shallow volcanic and tectonic earthquakes increased, while deep volcanic earthquakes decreased. Seismicity remained higher than normal during 16-22 December, but fewer earthquakes occurred than during the previous week. The Alert Level remained at 2.

Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG) also known CVGHM


Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1887 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
[ 1885 Jan 18 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
[ 1849 ] [ Unknown ] Discredited    
1847 Oct 16 1847 Oct 28 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1843 Nov 26 1843 Nov 26 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1843 Jan 4 1843 Jan 4 Confirmed 3 Historical Observations
1841 Nov 14 1841 Nov 14 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1840 May 20 1840 May 24 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1836 Oct 11 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1834 Dec 1835 Jan Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1833 Sep 1 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1832 Aug 8 1832 Aug 13 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1832 Jan 16 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1829 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1828 May 14 1828 Jul 8 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1827 May 13 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1825 Jun 14 1825 Jun 15 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1818 Oct 21 1818 Oct 24 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1816 Sep 21 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1815 Aug 15 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1809 May 9 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1807 Sep 1 1807 Sep 6 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1803 Apr 3 1803 Apr 15 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1800 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations
1780 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1777 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1690 Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Kusumadinata K, 1979. Data Dasar Gunungapi Indonesia. Bandung: Volc Surv Indonesia, 820 p.

Neumann van Padang M, 1951. Indonesia. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 1: 1-271.

Taverne N J M, 1926. Vulkanstudien op Java. Vulk Meded, 7: 1-132.

Wikartadipura S, Sumpena A D, Djuhara A, Santoso M S, Phillips, 1993. Volcanic hazard map of Guntur volcano, West Java. Volc Surv Indonesia, 1:50,000 map.

Guntur is a complex of several overlapping stratovolcanoes about 10 km NW of the city of Garut in western Java. Young lava flows, the most recent of which was erupted in 1840, are visible on the flanks of the erosionally unmodified Gunung Guntur, which rises about 1550 m above the plain of Garut. Guntur is one of a group of younger cones constructed to the SW of an older eroded group of volcanoes at the NE end of the complex. Guntur, whose name means "thunder," is the only historically active center, with eruptions having been recorded since the late-17th century. Although Guntur produced frequent explosive eruptions in the 19th century, making it one of the most active volcanoes of western Java, it has not erupted since.