Salak

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  • Indonesia
  • Java
  • Stratovolcano
  • 1938 CE
  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 6.72°S
  • 106.73°E

  • 2211 m
    7252 ft

  • 263050
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

4 July-10 July 2007

According to news articles, sulfur gas poisoning from one of Salak's fume-filled craters was suspected in the deaths of six teenagers on 7 July. Several more poisoned students were taken to a nearby hospital for treatment. The students were part of a group camping on the volcano for the weekend.

Sources: Deutsche Presse-Agentur, Reuters



 Available Weekly Reports


2007: July


4 July-10 July 2007

According to news articles, sulfur gas poisoning from one of Salak's fume-filled craters was suspected in the deaths of six teenagers on 7 July. Several more poisoned students were taken to a nearby hospital for treatment. The students were part of a group camping on the volcano for the weekend.

Sources: Deutsche Presse-Agentur, Reuters


Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1938 Jan 31 ± 5 days Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Kawah Cikaluwung Putri
1935 Feb Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Kawah Cikaluwung Putri
1919 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Kawah Ratu
1902 1903 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Kawah Ratu
1780 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Kawah Ratu
[ 1699 Jan 5 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain     Salak 3

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Neumann van Padang M, 1951. Indonesia. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 1: 1-271.

Zaennudin A, Sutawidjadja I S, Aswin D, 1993. Geological map of Salak volcano, West Java. Volc Surv Indonesia, 1:50,000 geol map.

Salak volcano was constructed at the NE end of an eroded volcanic range. Satellitic cones occur on the SW flank and at the northern foot of the forested volcano. Two large breached craters truncate the summit of Gunung Salak. One crater is breached to the NE and the westernmost crater was the source of a debris-avalanche deposit that extends 10 km WNW of the summit. Historical eruptions from Gunung Salak have been restricted to phreatic explosions from craters in a prominent solfataric area at 1400 m on the western flank. Salak volcano has been the site of extensive geothermal exploration.