Talang

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  • Indonesia
  • Sumatra
  • Stratovolcano
  • 2007 CE
  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 0.978°S
  • 100.679°E

  • 2597 m
    8518 ft

  • 261160
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

17 February-23 February 2010

On 17 February, CVGHM lowered the Alert Level for Talang from 3 to 2 (on a scale of 1-4) because seismicity had declined in general since February 2009. Visitors and tourists were advised not approach the crater.

Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG) also known CVGHM



 Available Weekly Reports


2010: February
2009: August
2007: January | March | April | June | November | December
2006: September
2005: April | July
2001: September | November


17 February-23 February 2010

On 17 February, CVGHM lowered the Alert Level for Talang from 3 to 2 (on a scale of 1-4) because seismicity had declined in general since February 2009. Visitors and tourists were advised not approach the crater.

Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG) also known CVGHM


12 August-18 August 2009

On 17 August, CVGHM raised the Alert Level for Talang from 2 to 3 (on a scale of 1-4) because of increased seismicity during the previous two days. Foggy conditions prevented visual observations. Visitors and tourists were advised not to go within a 3-km radius of the summit.

Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG) also known CVGHM


12 December-18 December 2007

CVGHM lowered the Alert Level at Talang to 2 (on a scale of 1-4) on 14 December based on visual observations and a decrease in the number of earthquakes. During 7-10 December, observations of the summit were limited by inclement weather. On 11 December, "smoke" rose to a maximum altitude of 3.3 km (10,800 ft) a.s.l. from the Main crater. Plumes were also observed from South crater and Gabuo Atas solfatara field. Visitors were advised not to go within a 2-km radius of the summit.

Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG) also known CVGHM


28 November-4 December 2007

CVGHM raised the Alert level for Talang from 2 to 3 (on a scale of 1-4) on 29 November based on visual observations and seismicity. Ash and steam plumes from multiple craters rose to altitudes of 3.1-4.1 km (10,200-13,500 ft) a.s.l. during 27-29 November. A strong smell of sulfur dioxide gas was also reported. Visitors and tourists were advised not to go within a 3-km radius of the summit.

Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG) also known CVGHM


20 June-26 June 2007

Based on visual observations, CVGHM reported that during 18-25 June thick brown ash plumes from Talang's Main Crater rose to an altitude of 3.1 km (10,200 ft) a.s.l. Diffuse white ash plumes rose to an altitude of about 3 km (10,000 ft) a.s.l. from the South Crater. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4).

Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG) also known CVGHM


25 April-1 May 2007

CVGHM lowered the Alert Level at Talang to 2 (on a scale of 1-4) on 27 April.

Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG) also known CVGHM


14 March-20 March 2007

Based on information from CVGHM, the Darwin VAAC reported that on 19 and 20 March ash plumes from Talang rose 3.4-3.9 km (11,000-12,800 ft) a.s.l. CVGHM raised the Alert Level to 3 (on a scale of 1-4).

Source: Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC)


24 January-30 January 2007

CVGHM lowered the Alert Level at Talang to 2 (on a scale of 1-4) on 27 January due to a reduction in seismic activity since 23 November 2006 to 24 January 2007. Gas plumes were present from the South Crater and the Main Crater.

Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG) also known CVGHM


6 September-12 September 2006

CVGHM raised the Alert Level at Talang to 3 (on a scale of 1-4) on 9 September due to an increase in tremor. On 10 September, a brownish plume rose 250 m above the summit (~10,000 ft a.s.l.).

Sources: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG) also known CVGHM, Washington Post


20 July-26 July 2005

DVGHM increased the Alert Level at Talang from 2 to 3 on 18 July due to an increase in seismicity at the volcano. During 15-18 July, the seismic network recorded 93 deep volcanic earthquakes, one low-frequency tremor, and three "felt shocks" around the N slope of the crater. Minor phreatic activity occurred at the southern and northern slope craters, with ash plumes rising 0.5-1.5 km above the crater (11,100-14,400 ft a.s.l.).

Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG) also known CVGHM


6 July-12 July 2005

Small phreatic eruptions occurred at Talang on 2 and 3 July. The eruptions occurred at the main crater, and a crater on the volcano's S slope. Ash columns reached 300-500 m above the volcano (10,500-11,100 ft a.s.l.). Gabuo Atas, Gabuo Bawah, and Kapundan Panjang craters on the volcano's N slope emitted steam to low altitudes. Talang remained at Alert Level 2 (on a scale of 1-4). Visitors were not permitted to enter within a 1 km radius of the active craters.

Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG) also known CVGHM


27 April-3 May 2005

Due to a decrease in seismicity at Talang during 24-28 April, DVGHM reduced the Alert Level from 3 to 2 (on a scale of 1-4) on 28 April. Visitors were still not permitted to enter within a 1 km radius of the crater.

Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG) also known CVGHM


13 April-19 April 2005

According to DVGHM, the eruption that began at Talang on 12 April ended on 14 April. During 14-17 April, the intensity of the activity at the volcano decreased so DVGHM reduced the Alert Level from 4, the highest level, to 3. People were permitted to return their homes near the volcano, but no one could enter within 1 km of the summit.

Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG) also known CVGHM


6 April-12 April 2005

On 12 April during 0340-0600, an eruption at Talang produced an ash plume that rose to a height of ~1 km above the crater (~12,800 ft a.s.l.). About 4 mm of ash fell in the village of Bukit Sileh, NE of the volcano. The Alert Level was raised to 4, the highest level. News articles reported that thousands of residents near the volcano evacuated. Several days prior to the eruption, a "gray ash cloud" was visible rising to ~100 m above the volcano's summit (9,800 ft a.s.l.).

On 13 April volcanic and seismic activity decreased in comparison to the previous day. A "white-gray ash plume" rose 250 m (10,300 ft a.s.l.) above Kawah Mati crater, and gas was emitted from Gabuo Atas crater. There was a decrease in the number of deep volcanic, shallow volcanic, and explosion earthquakes. Talang remained at Alert Level 4.

Sources: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG) also known CVGHM, Agence France-Presse (AFP)


28 November-4 December 2001

During 19 November- 2 December seismicity at Talang was dominated by small explosion earthquakes. In addition, there was an increase in deep volcanic earthquakes in comparison to the previous week. During 19-25 November an increase in tectonic earthquakes was recorded. Thin plumes rose ~50 m above Gabuo Atas and Kepundan Panjang fumarole fields. The volcano remained at Alert Level 2 (on a scale of 1-4).

Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG) also known CVGHM


26 September-2 October 2001

During 24-30 September volcanic activity increased at Talang volcano. Observers noted that on 25 September during 1722-1838 a thick white-brownish plume with high gas pressure rose 200-350 m above the volcano. Personnel at the observatory could smell sulfur during the evening. In comparison to measurements in 2000, temperatures increased in 2001 at Batu Bajanjang hot spring (from 40-60°C to 45-66°C), Gabuo Atas fumarole field (from 98-99°C to 111-114°C), and Gabuo Bawah fumarole field (from 96-99°C to 100-101°C). In addition, the water level at Batu Bajanjang hot spring decreased drastically. Talang was at Alert Level 2 (on a scale of 1-4).

Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG) also known CVGHM


Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
2007 Nov 27 2007 Dec (?) Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
2007 Mar 19 2007 Jun 22 ± 3 days Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Main crater
2006 Sep 10 2006 Sep 10 Confirmed 1 Historical Observations
2005 Apr 12 (?) 2005 Jul 18 (?) Confirmed 2 Historical Observations North & south flanks
2001 Sep 25 2001 Nov 15 ± 3 days Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Kepundan Panjang & Kabuo, Gabuo Atas
[ 1986 Jul 16 ] [ 1986 Oct 13 ] Uncertain 1   NE flank (Panjang Crater)
1968 Sep 1968 Oct Confirmed 2 Historical Observations NE flank
1968 Jan 14 1968 Jan 14 (?) Confirmed 1 Historical Observations NE flank
1967 Oct 10 1967 Oct 10 Confirmed 1 Historical Observations NE flank (200 m below summit)
1963 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1876 (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations NE flank
[ 1868 ± 3 years ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
1845 Apr 22 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations NE flank
1843 Oct 21 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations NE flank (some reports list 1842 date)
1833 Oct Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations NE flank

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Kusumadinata K, 1979. Data Dasar Gunungapi Indonesia. Bandung: Volc Surv Indonesia, 820 p.

Neumann van Padang M, 1951. Indonesia. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 1: 1-271.

Talang, which forms a twin volcano with the extinct Pasar Arbaa volcano, lies ESE of the major city of Padang and rises NW of Dibawah Lake. Talang has two crater lakes on its flanks; the largest of these is 1 x 2 km wide Danau Talang. Most historical eruptions have not occurred from the summit of the volcano, which lacks a crater. Historical eruptions from Gunung Talang volcano have mostly involved small-to-moderate explosive activity first documented in the 19th century that originated from a series of small craters in a valley on the upper NE flank.