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The conical Bur ni Telong volcano was constructed at the southern base of the massive Bur ni Geureudong volcanic complex, one of the largest in northern Sumatra. The historically active Bur ni Telong volcano lies 4.5 km from the summit of Geureudong and grew to a height of 2624 m. The summit crater of Bur ni Telong has migrated to the ESE, leaving arcuate crater rims. Lava flows are exposed on the southern flank. Explosive eruptions were recorded during the 19th and 20th centuries.
Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).
|Start Date||Stop Date||Eruption Certainty||VEI||Evidence||Activity Area or Unit|
|[ 1924 Dec 7 ]||[ Unknown ]||Uncertain||2|
|1919 Dec||Unknown||Confirmed||2||Historical Observations|
|1856 Apr 14||Unknown||Confirmed||2||Historical Observations|
|1839 Jan 12||1839 Jan 13||Confirmed||2||Historical Observations|
|1837 Sep 25 ± 5 days||Unknown||Confirmed||2||Historical Observations|
This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.
|Tutong, Gunung | Mutelong, Bur | Moetelong, Boer|
|Feature Name||Feature Type||Elevation||Latitude||Longitude|
|Historically active Bur ni Telong volcano, seen here from the SE, was constructed on the southern flank of Bur ni Geureudong volcano, part of which is visible in the background. The two summits of the complex are 4.5 km apart and differ only 34 m in elevation. The summit crater of 2624-m-high Bur ni Telong has migrated to the ESE, leaving arcuate crater rims. Lava flows are exposed on the southern flank. Explosive eruptions were recorded during the 19th and 20th centuries.
Photo by Cahya Patria, 2004 (Centre of Volcanology & Geological Hazard Mitigation, Volcanological Survey of Indonesia).
The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.
Cameron N R, Bennett J D, Bridge D M, Clarke M C G, Djunuddin A, Ghazali S A, Harahap H, Jeffery D H, Kartawa W, Keats W, Ngabito H, Rock N M S, Thompson S J, 1983. Geologic map of the Takengon quadrangle, Sumatra. Geol Res Devel Centre Indonesia, 1:250,000 scale map and 26 p text.
Kusumadinata K, 1979. Data Dasar Gunungapi Indonesia. Bandung: Volc Surv Indonesia, 820 p.
Neumann van Padang M, 1951. Indonesia. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 1: 1-271.