Hunter Island

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  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 22.4°S
  • 172.05°E

  • 297 m
    974 ft

  • 258020
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

There are no activity reports for Hunter Island.

 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Hunter Island.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1983 Mar 9 (in or before) ] [ Unknown ] Discredited    
1903 Unknown Confirmed 0 Historical Observations Northern tip of island
1895 Nov 24 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations East side
[ 1892 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
1841 Mar 15 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations
1835 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations
[ 1797 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Fisher N H, 1957. Melanesia. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 5: 1-105.

Maillet P, Monzier M, Lefevre C, 1986. Petrology of Matthew and Hunter volcanoes, south New Hebrides island arc (southwest Pacific). J Volc Geotherm Res, 30: 1-27.

Monzier M, Danyushevsky L V, Crawford A J, Bellon H, Cotton J, 1993. High-Mg andesites from the southern termination of the New Hebrides island arc (SW Pacific). J Volc Geotherm Res, 57: 193-217.

Sapper K, 1917. Katalog der Geschichtlichen Vulkanausbruche. Strasbourg: Karl J Trubner, 358 p.

Hunter Island, the SE-most volcano of the New Hebrides arc, is a small 1-km-wide island consisting of a composite andesitic-to-dacitic cone topped by explosion craters and a lava dome. The island was named after the vessel that discovered it in 1798. A 100-m-deep, steep-sided crater occupies the NW part of the island, which contrasts with the southern cone, whose summit is filled by a lava dome. Several poorly documented eruptions have been noted since the 19th century. Large streams of lava were reported to be pouring from two craters on the eastern side of the island in 1895; the latest eruption apparently took place from the northern tip of the island. Fumarolic and solfataric areas are located at the northern tip of the island and the NE and SE coasts.