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There are no activity reports for Matthew Island.
Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).
|Start Date||Stop Date||Eruption Certainty||VEI||Evidence||Activity Area or Unit|
|[ 1976 Nov 27 ]||[ Unknown ]||Uncertain||1|
|[ 1966 Aug ]||[ Unknown ]||Uncertain|
|1956 ± 2 years||Unknown||Confirmed||0||Historical Observations||West-Matthew|
|1954 Oct (?)||Unknown||Confirmed||2||Historical Observations||West-Matthew (October 1954, not 1953)|
|1949 (in or before)||Unknown||Confirmed||2||Historical Observations||West-Matthew|
|[ 1828 Jan ]||[ Unknown ]||Uncertain|
The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.
Fisher N H, 1957. Melanesia. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 5: 1-105.
Maillet P, Monzier M, Lefevre C, 1986. Petrology of Matthew and Hunter volcanoes, south New Hebrides island arc (southwest Pacific). J Volc Geotherm Res, 30: 1-27.
Monzier M, Danyushevsky L V, Crawford A J, Bellon H, Cotton J, 1993. High-Mg andesites from the southern termination of the New Hebrides island arc (SW Pacific). J Volc Geotherm Res, 57: 193-217.
Isolated Matthew Island is composed of two low andesitic-to-dacitic cones separated by a narrow isthmus. Matthew Island was discovered in 1788 by a ship captain, who named the island after the owner of his vessel. Only the triangular eastern portion of the small, 0.6 x 1.2 km wide island was present prior to the 1940s, when construction of the larger western segment began; it consists primarily of lava flows. The 177-m-high western cone contains a crater that is breached to the NW and is filled by a lava flow whose terminus forms the NW coast.