Lihir

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 3.125°S
  • 152.642°E

  • 700 m
    2296 ft

  • 254010
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Lihir.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Lihir.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Lihir.

Lihir Island, the largest of an island group north of New Ireland, is a Pliocene-to-Holocene volcanic complex of several overlapping basaltic stratovolcanoes. The youngest volcano, Luise, contains an elliptical, 5.5-km-wide caldera that is breached by the sea on the NE side as a result of edifice collapse about 0.4 million years ago, forming Luise Harbor. The flanks of the volcano are only moderately dissected. The steep-sided caldera wall rises to 700 m above sea level. A central lava plug is strongly hydrothermally altered and displays extensive thermal activity along its margins. Thermal activity includes boiling hot springs, mud pools, and sulfur-encrusted low-temperature fumaroles. The Ladolam hydrothermal deposit hosts one of the youngest and largest gold deposits in the world, which is now being extracted by open-pit mining. The near-surface, epithermal gold deposition extends to about 400 m below sea level over an area of about 2 sq km.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Lihir. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Lihir page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Synonyms

Lir

Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Huniho Stratovolcano 700 m
Kinami Stratovolcano
Londolovit Stratovolcano
Luise Stratovolcano 700 m

Thermal

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Ladolam Thermal
The 20-km-long Lihir Island, north of New Ireland, is a complex of several overlapping Pliocene-to-Holocene stratovolcanoes, the youngest of which is Luise volcano. Luise Harbor (right-center) lies within a 5.5-km-wide caldera on Luise that is breached widely to the sea on the NE side. A central lava plug is strongly hydrothermally altered and displays extensive thermal activity along its margins. Thermal activity includes boiling hot springs, mud pools, and sulfur-encrusted low-temperature fumaroles.

NASA Space Shuttle image STS001-5933, 2001 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Fisher N H, 1957. Melanesia. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 5: 1-105.

Kennedy A K, Grove T L, Johnson R W, 1990. Experimental and major element constraints on the evolution of lavas from Lihir Island, Papua New Guinea. Contr Mineral Petr, 104: 722-734.

Simmons S F, Brown K L, 2006. Gold in magmatic hydrothermal solutions and the rapid formation of a giant ore deposit. Science, 314: 288-291.

Wallace D A, Johnson R W, Chappell B W, Arculus R J, Perfit M R, Crick I H, 1983. Cainozoic volcanism of the Tabar, Lihir, Tanga, and Feni Islands, Papua New Guinea: geology, whole-rock analyses, and rock-forming mineral compositions. Aust Bur Min Resour Geol Geophys Rpt, 243: 1-62.

Volcano Types

Compound
Stratovolcano(es)
Caldera

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Crustal thickness unknown

Rock Types

Major
Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Minor
Trachyandesite / Basaltic trachy-andesite
Phono-tephrite / Tephri-phonolite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
959
2,592
3,562
32,340

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Lihir Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.