Taveuni

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 16.82°S
  • 179.97°W

  • 1241 m
    4070 ft

  • 245010
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Taveuni.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Taveuni.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Taveuni.

Straddling the 180 degree meridian, Taveuni, the third largest of the Fiji islands, is known as the "Garden Island" as a result of its rich volcanic soils. The massive, elongated basaltic shield volcano rises to 1241 m and is dotted by approximately 150 volcanic cones along a NE-SW rift that extends the length of the 40-km-long island. A few cones in the central part of the volcano occur to the west of the axial rift zone. At least 58 eruptions have occurred on Taveuni since the first known human settlements of the Fiji Islands about 950-750 BCE; all of these eruptions affected the southern two-thirds of the island. A period of voluminous eruptions between about 300 and 500 CE caused abandonment of the southern part the island of Taveuni until about 1100 CE. The latest known eruption produced a lava flow at the southern tip of the island sometime between about 1450-1650 CE.

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1550 ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed 0 Radiocarbon (corrected) Near South Cape
1420 ± 20 years Unknown Confirmed 0 Radiocarbon (corrected) Central Taveuni (Tutu area)
1350 ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology
1160 ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (corrected) Southern Taveuni (Vana Kei Vuna)
1020 (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology
0880 (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology
0770 (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology
0640 ± 40 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (corrected)
0520 ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (corrected) South Taveuni (Tavuyaga, Ngatutu, Ngatavo)
0480 ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (corrected) Central Taveuni (Tagimoucea area)
0400 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (corrected)
0350 (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology Central Taveuni (Des Voeux Peak area)
0320 ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (corrected)
0270 (?) Unknown Confirmed 1 Tephrochronology Central Taveuni (west of Lake Tagimoucea)
0220 ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed 0 Radiocarbon (corrected)
0090 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (corrected)
0200 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology
0330 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (corrected)
0400 BCE ± 20 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (corrected)
0600 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology
0680 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology
1020 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology
1100 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology
1200 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology
1300 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology
1450 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology
1700 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology
3200 BCE ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (corrected)
3580 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (corrected)
4800 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (corrected)
5230 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (corrected)
5920 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (corrected)
6560 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (corrected)
8040 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (corrected)

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.



Cones
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Des Voeux Peak Cone 1200 m 16° 50' 0" S 179° 58' 0" W
Manuka Cone 842 m 16° 50' 0" S 179° 59' 0" W
Mbenumbenu Cone 660 m 16° 54' 0" S 179° 58' 0" E
Narata Cone 418 m 16° 43' 0" S 179° 53' 0" W
Nauthunilawe Cone 814 m 16° 56' 0" S 179° 58' 0" E
Navolivoli Cone 90 m 17° 0' 4" S 179° 55' 0" E
Nayavuloa Cone 743 m 16° 52' 0" S 180° 0' 0" E
Ndana Cone 467 m 16° 50' 0" S 180° 0' 0" E
Rairaindreketi Cone 840 m 16° 48' 0" S 179° 57' 0" W
Taulevu
    Coloci
Cone 240 m 16° 58' 34" S 179° 55' 19" E
Tavuyanga Cone 298 m 16° 59' 0" S 179° 55' 0" E
Tholothi Cone 340 m 16° 59' 0" S 179° 56' 0" E
Uluinggalau Cone 1241 m 16° 54' 0" S 180° 0' 0" E
Vana Kei Vuna Cone 397 m 16° 57' 0" S 179° 57' 0" E
The 40-km-long Taveuni Island straddles the international date line. Taveuni is the third largest of the Fiji islands and is known as the "Garden Island" because of its rich volcanic soils. The massive shield volcano is dotted by about 150 volcanic cones along a NE-SW rift extending the length of the island; some of the SW-flank vents are visible on this Space Shuttle image (with north to the upper right). Taveuni has been frequently active during the Holocene, and eruptions impacted island settlements in prehistorical time.

NASA Space Shuttle image STS111-719-74, 2002 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Cronin S J, Bebbeington M, Lai C D, 2001. A probabalistic assessment of eruption recurrence on Taveuni volcano, Fiji. Bull Volc, 63: 274-288.

Cronin S J, Neall V E, 2001. Holocene volcanic geology, volcanic hazard, and risk on Taveuni, Fiji. New Zeal J Geol Geophys, 44: 417-437.

Cronin S J, Neall V E, 2000. Impacts of volcanism in pre-European inhabitants of Taveuni, Fiji. Bull Volc, 62: 199-213.

Frost E L, 1974. Taveuni, Fiji. Asian Pacific Arch Ser, 6: 1-175.

Rodda P, 1980. . (pers. comm.).

Woodhall D, 1985. Geology of Taveuni, Qamea, Laucala, Cikobia and adjacent islands. Mineral Resour Dept Fiji, 1:50,000 geol map.

Volcano Types

Shield
Fissure vent(s)
Cinder cone(s)
Tuff ring(s)

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Crustal thickness unknown

Rock Types

Major
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Minor
Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite
Trachyandesite / Basaltic trachy-andesite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
692
3,220
19,186
146,131

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Taveuni Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.