Taveuni

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  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 16.82°S
  • 179.97°W

  • 1241 m
    4070 ft

  • 245010
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

There are no activity reports for Taveuni.



 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Taveuni.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1550 ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed 0 Radiocarbon (corrected) Near South Cape
1420 ± 20 years Unknown Confirmed 0 Radiocarbon (corrected) Central Taveuni (Tutu area)
1350 ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology
1160 ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (corrected) Southern Taveuni (Vana Kei Vuna)
1020 (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology
0880 (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology
0770 (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology
0640 ± 40 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (corrected)
0520 ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (corrected) South Taveuni (Tavuyaga, Ngatutu, Ngatavo)
0480 ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (corrected) Central Taveuni (Tagimoucea area)
0400 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (corrected)
0350 (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology Central Taveuni (Des Voeux Peak area)
0320 ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (corrected)
0270 (?) Unknown Confirmed 1 Tephrochronology Central Taveuni (west of Lake Tagimoucea)
0220 ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed 0 Radiocarbon (corrected)
0090 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (corrected)
0200 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology
0330 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (corrected)
0400 BCE ± 20 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (corrected)
0600 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology
0680 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology
1020 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology
1100 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology
1200 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology
1300 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology
1450 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology
1700 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology
3200 BCE ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (corrected)
3580 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (corrected)
4800 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (corrected)
5230 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (corrected)
5920 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (corrected)
6560 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (corrected)
8040 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (corrected)

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Cronin S J, Bebbeington M, Lai C D, 2001. A probabalistic assessment of eruption recurrence on Taveuni volcano, Fiji. Bull Volc, 63: 274-288.

Cronin S J, Neall V E, 2001. Holocene volcanic geology, volcanic hazard, and risk on Taveuni, Fiji. New Zeal J Geol Geophys, 44: 417-437.

Cronin S J, Neall V E, 2000. Impacts of volcanism in pre-European inhabitants of Taveuni, Fiji. Bull Volc, 62: 199-213.

Frost E L, 1974. Taveuni, Fiji. Asian Pacific Arch Ser, 6: 1-175.

Rodda P, 1980. . (pers. comm.).

Woodhall D, 1985. Geology of Taveuni, Qamea, Laucala, Cikobia and adjacent islands. Mineral Resour Dept Fiji, 1:50,000 geol map.

Straddling the 180 degree meridian, Taveuni, the third largest of the Fiji islands, is known as the "Garden Island" as a result of its rich volcanic soils. The massive, elongated basaltic shield volcano rises to 1241 m and is dotted by approximately 150 volcanic cones along a NE-SW rift that extends the length of the 40-km-long island. A few cones in the central part of the volcano occur to the west of the axial rift zone. At least 58 eruptions have occurred on Taveuni since the first known human settlements of the Fiji Islands about 950-750 BCE; all of these eruptions affected the southern two-thirds of the island. A period of voluminous eruptions between about 300 and 500 CE caused abandonment of the southern part the island of Taveuni until about 1100 CE. The latest known eruption produced a lava flow at the southern tip of the island sometime between about 1450-1650 CE.