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  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 15.62°S
  • 173.67°W

  • -33 m
    -108 ft

  • 243102
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

There are no activity reports for Curacoa.

 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Curacoa.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1979 May 14 Unknown Confirmed 1 Historical Observations 13 km north of Tafahi
1973 Jul 11 1973 Jul 16 Confirmed 3 Historical Observations 6.4 km SW of Curacoa Reef

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Simkin T, 1977. . (pers. comm.).

Smithsonian Institution-CSLP, 1968-75. [Event notification cards]. Center for Short-Lived Phenomena (CSLP) Event Cards.

Taylor P W, Ewart A, 1997. The Tofua Volcanic Arc, Tonga, SW Pacific: a review of historic volcanic activity. Aust Volc Invest Occ Rpt, 97/01: 1-58.

A submarine volcano south of Curacoa Reef at the northern end of the Tofua volcanic arc was first observed in eruption in 1973. Explosive eruptions, which produced large rafts of dacitic pumice covering an area of more than 100 sq km, were observed from the island of Tafahi, 27 km to the SSW. The eruption site was located about 6.5 km SW of Curacoa Reef. Multiple submarine vents are apparently located in this area; a second eruption was reported in 1979 from a location 13 km north of Tafahi.