Available Weekly Reports
- Volcano Info
- Search Database
- Info & Contacts
There are no activity reports for Rumble III.
Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).
|Start Date||Stop Date||Eruption Certainty||VEI||Evidence||Activity Area or Unit|
|2008 ± 1 years||Unknown||Confirmed||0||Historical Observations|
|1986 Jun 15||1986 Aug 5 (?)||Confirmed||0||Hydrophonic|
|1973 Oct 15||1973 Oct 17||Confirmed||0||Hydrophonic|
|1963 Jan||1966 Dec (in or after)||Confirmed||0||Hydrophonic|
|1958 Jul 9||1962||Confirmed||0||Hydrophonic|
The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.
de Ronde, C E J, Baker E T, Massoth G J, Lupton J E, Wright I C, Feely R A, Greene R R, 2001. Intra-oceanic subduction-related hydrothermal venting, Kermadec volcanic arc, New Zealand. Earth Planet Sci Lett, 193: 359-369.
Decker R W, 1971. Table of Active Volcanoes of the World. Unpublished 41 page table, compiled primarily from IAVCEI catalogs with revisions by many volcanologists.
Kibblewhite A C, 1966. The acoustic detection and location of an underwater volcano. New Zeal J Sci, 9: 178-199.
Kibblewhite A C, Denham R N, 1967. The bathymetry and total magnetic field of the south Kermadec ridge seamounts. New Zeal J Sci, 10: 52-67.
Latter J H, Lloyd E F, Smith I E M, Nathan S, 1992. Volcanic hazards in the Kermadec Islands, and at submarine volcanoes between southern Tonga and New Zealand. New Zeal Ministry Civil Defense, Volc Hazards Inf Ser, 4: 1-45.
Smithsonian Institution-GVN, 1990-. [Monthly event reports]. Bull Global Volc Network, v 15-33.
Wright I C, Chadwick W W Jr, de Ronde C E J, Reymond D, Hyvernaud O, Gennerich H-H, Stoffers, P, Mackay K, Dunkin M A, Bannister S C, 2008. Collapse and reconstruction of Monowai submarine volcano, Kermadec arc, 1990-2004. J Geophys Res, doi:10.1029/2007JB005138 .
Wright I C, Worthington T J, Gamble J A, 2006. New multibeam mapping and geochemistry of the 30°-35° S sector, and overview, of southern Kermadec arc volcanism. J Volc Geotherm Res, 149: 263-296.
The Rumble III seamount, the largest of the Rumbles group of submarine volcanoes along the South Kermadec Ridge, rises 2300 m from the sea floor to within about 200 m of the sea surface. Collapse of the edifice produced a horseshoe-shaped caldera breached to the west and a large debris-avalanche deposit. Fresh-looking andesitic rocks have been dredged from the summit of Rumble III and basaltic lava from its flanks. Rumble III has been the source of several submarine eruptions detected by hydrophone signals. Early surveys placed its depth at 117 m, and later depths of about 200 m, 140 m, and 220 m were determined.