Okataina

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  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 38.12°S
  • 176.5°E

  • 1111 m
    3644 ft

  • 241050
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

There are no activity reports for Okataina.



 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Okataina.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1981 May 1981 May Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Waimangu (Raupo Pond crater)
1978 Feb 23 1978 Feb 23 Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Waimangu (Raupo Pond, Inferno Crater)
1973 Feb 22 1973 Feb 22 Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Waimangu (Echo Crater)
1951 Jun Unknown Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Rotomahana
1926 Nov 17 1926 Nov 18 Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Rotomahana
1924 Unknown Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Waimangu (Echo Crater)
1918 1920 Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Waimangu (Echo Crater)
1917 Mar 24 1917 Apr 4 Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Waimangu (Echo Crater)
1915 Nov 5 1915 Nov 9 Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Waimangu (Echo Crater)
1915 Feb 4 1915 Apr 13 Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Waimangu (Echo Crater & NW of Fairy Crater)
1914 Jan 28 1914 Feb Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Waimangu (NW of Fairy Crater)
1913 Jan 27 1913 Jan 27 Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Waimangu (Echo Crater)
1912 Apr Unknown Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Waimangu (Echo Crater)
1910 Jul 24 1910 Jul 25 Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Waimangu (Echo Crater)
1908 Oct 1 1908 Oct 1 Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Waimangu (Echo Crater)
1906 Feb 21 1906 Feb 21 Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Waimangu (NW of Fairy Crater)
1905 Jun 17 1905 Jun 17 Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Waimangu (Echo Crater)
1905 Feb 18 1905 Feb 23 Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Waimangu (Echo Crater)
1900 Jan 1904 Nov 1 Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Waimangu Geyser
1896 Unknown Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Waimangu (Echo Crater)
1886 Jun 10 1886 Aug Confirmed 5 Historical Observations Tarawera (Wahanga-Waimangu fissure)
1310 ± 12 years 1315 (?) Confirmed 5 Radiocarbon (corrected) Tarawera (Kaharoa eruption)
0180 (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Te Kopia thermal area
0300 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 0 Tephrochronology Mt. Edgecumbe
1330 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Mt. Edgecumbe
1750 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (corrected) Haroharo (Rotokawau to Rotoatua)
3580 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed 5 Radiocarbon (corrected) Haroharo (Makatiti and other domes)
5550 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 0 Tephrochronology Mt. Edgecumbe
6060 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed 5 Radiocarbon (corrected) Haroharo (Te Horoa & other domes)
7560 BCE ± 18 years Unknown Confirmed 5 Radiocarbon (corrected) Rotoma caldera, Tuahu, Kawerau
8050 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology West Rerewhakaaitu fissures

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Alloway B V, Pillans B J, Carter L, Naish T R, Westgate J A, 2005. Onshore-offshore correlation of Pleistocene rhyolitic eruptions from New Zealand: implications for TVZ eruptive history and paleoenvironmental construction. Quat Sci Rev, 24: 1601-1622.

Darragh M, Cole J, Nairn I, Shane P, 2006. Pyroclastic stratigraphy and eruption dynamics of the 21.9 ka Okareka and 17.6 ka Rerewhakaaitu eruption episodes from Tarawera Volcano, Okataina Volcanic Centre, New Zealand. New Zeal J Geol Geophys, 49: 309-328.

Houghton B F, Wilson C J N, Del Carlo P, Coltelli M, Sable J E, Carey R, 2004. The influence of conduit processes on changes in style of basaltic Plinian eruptions: Tarawera 1886 and Etna 122 BC. J Volc Geotherm Res, 137: 1-14.

Houghton B F, Wilson C J N, McWilliams M O, Lanphere M A, Weaver S D, Briggs R M, Pringle M S, 1995. Chronology and dynamics of a large silicic magmatic system: Central Taupo Volcano Zone, New Zealand. Geology, 23: 13-16.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Jurado-Chichay Z, Walker G P L, 2000. Stratigraphy and dispersal of the Mangaone Subgroup pyroclastic deposits, Okataina volcanic centre, New Zealand. J Volc Geotherm Res, 104: 319-383.

Jurado-Chichay Z, Walker G P L, 2001. The intensity and magnitude of the Mangaone subgroup plinian eruptions from Okataina volcanic centre, New Zealand. J Volc Geotherm Res, 111: 219-237.

Leonard G S, Cole J W, Nairn I A, Self S, 2002. Basalt triggering of the c. AD 1305 Kaharoa rhyolite eruption, Tarawera volcanic complex, New Zealand. J Volc Geotherm Res, 115: 461-486.

Macpherson C G, Chiang K K, Hall R, Nowell G M, Castillo P R, Thirlwall M F, 2010. Plio-Pleistocene intra-plate magmatism from the southern Sulu Arc, Semporna peninsula, Sabah, Borneo: implications for high-Nb basalt in subduction zones. J Volc Geotherm Res, 190: 25-38.

Manning D A, 1996. Middle-late Pleistocene tephrostratigrapy of the eastern Bay of Plenty, New Zealand. Quat Internatl, 34-36: 3-12.

Nairn I A, 1989. Mount Tarawera. New Zeal Geol Surv, 1:50,000 geol map sheet V16 AC and 55 p text.

Nairn I A, 1991. Volcanic hazards at Okataina Volcanic Centre. New Zeal Ministry Civil Defense, Volc Hazards Inf Ser, 2: 1-29.

Nairn I A, Cole J W, 1975. New Zealand. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 22: 1-156.

Nairn I A, Hedenquist J W, Villamor P, Berryman K R, Shane P A, 2005. The ~AD1315 Tarawera and Waiotapu eruptions, New Zealand: contemporaneous rhyolite and hydrothermal eruptions driven by an arrested basalt dike system?. Bull Volc, 67: 186-193.

Nairn I A, Self S, Cole J W, Leonard G S, Scutter C, 2001. Distribution, stratigraphy, and history of proximal deposits from the C. AD 1305 Kaharoa eruptive episode at Tarawera volcano, New Zealand. New Zeal J Geol Geophys, 44: 467-484.

Nairn I A, Shane P R, Cole J W, Leonard G J, Self S, Pearson N, 2004. Rhyolite magma processes of the ~ AD 1315 Kaharoa eruption episode, Tarawera volcano, New Zealand. J Volc Geotherm Res, 131: 265-294.

Sable J E, Houghton B F, Wilson C J N, Carey R J, 2006. Complex proximal sedimentation from Plinian plumes: the example of Tarawera 1886. Bull Volc, 69: 89-103.

Shane P, Hoverd J, 2002. Distal record of multi-sourced tephra in Onepoto Basin, Auckland, New Zealand: implications for volcanic chronology, frequency and hazards. Bull Volc, 64: 441-454.

Shane P, Martin S B, Smith V C, Beggs K F, Darragh M B, Cole J W, Nairn I A, 2007. Multiple rhyolite magmas and basalt injection in the 17.7 ka Rerewhakaaitu eruption episode from Tarawera volcanic complex, New Zealand. J Volc Geotherm Res, 164: 1-26.

Shane P, Smith V C, Nairn I A, 2005. High temperature rhyodacites of the 36 ka Hauparu pyroclastic eruption, Okataina volcanic centre, New Zealand: change in a silicic magmatic system following caldera collapse. J Volc Geotherm Res, 147: 357-376.

Smith V C, Shane P, Nairn I A, 2005. Trends in rhyolite geochemistry, mineralogy, and magma storage during the last 50 kyr at Okataina and Taupo volcanic centres, Taupo volcanic zone, New Zealand. J Volc Geotherm Res, 148: 372-406.

Smith V C, Shane P, Nairn I A, Williams C M, 2006. Geochemistry and magmatic properties of eruption episodes from Haroharo linear vent zone, Okataina Volcanic Centre, New Zealand during the last 10 kyr. Bull Volc, 69: 57-88.

Spinks K D, Acocella V, Cole J W, Bassett K N, 2005. Structural control of volcanism and caldera development in the transtensional Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand. J Volc Geotherm Res, 144: 7-22.

Spinks K D, Cole J W, Leonard G S, 2004. Caldera volcanism in the Taupo Volcanic Zone. Geol Soc New Zeal, New Zeal Geophys Soc, 26th New Zeal Geotherm Workshop, 6th-9th Dec 2004, Great Lake Centre, Taupo, Field Trip Guides, 7: 110-135.

Vandemeulebrouck J, Hurst A W, Scott B J, 2008. The effects of hydrothermal eruptions and a tectonic earthquake on a cycling crater lake (Inferno Crater Lake, Waimangu, New Zealand). J Volc Geotherm Res, 178: 271-275.

White J D L, Houghton B F, Hodgson K A, Wilson C J N, 1997. Delayed sedimentary response to the A.D. 1886 eruption of Tarawera, New Zealand. Geology, 25: 459-462.

Wilson C J N, Gravley D M, Leonard G S, Rowland J V, 2009. Volcanism in the central Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand: tempo, styles and controls. In: Thordarson T, Self S, Larsen G, Rowland S K, Hoskuldsson A (eds), {Studies in Volcanology: The Legacy of George Walker}. Geol Soc London, p 225-247.

Wilson C J N, Houghton B F, McWilliams M O, Lanphere M A, Weaver S D, Briggs R M, 1995a. Volcanic and structural evolution of Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand: a review. J Volc Geotherm Res, 68: 1-28.

Wilson C J N, Rogan A M, Smith I E M, Northey D J, Nairn I A, Houghton B F, 1984. Caldera volcanoes of the Taupo volcanic zone, New Zealand. J Geophys Res, 89: 8463-8484.

The massive, dominantly rhyolitic Okataina Volcanic Centre is surrounded by extensive ignimbrite and pyroclastic sheets produced during multiple caldera-forming eruptions. Numerous lava domes and craters erupted from two subparallel NE-SW-trending vent lineations form the Haroharo and Tarawera volcanic complexes. Lava domes of the Haroharo complex, at the northern end of the Okataina Volcanic Centre, occupy part of the 16 x 26 km Pleistocene Haroharo caldera, which formed incrementally between 300,000 and 50,000 years before present (BP). The oldest exposed rocks on the caldera floor are about 22,000 years old. The Tarawera complex at the southern end of Okataina consists of 11 rhyolitic lava domes and associated lava flows. The oldest domes were formed as late as about 15,000 years BP, and the youngest were formed in the Kaharoa eruption about 800 years BP. The NE-SW Tarawera vent lineation extends from the two dacitic cones of Maungaongaonga and Mangakakaramea on the SW to Mount Edgecumbe on the NE. Construction of the Haroharo and Tarawera complexes impounded lakes Rotoiti, Totoehu, Okataina, and Tarawera against the outer margins of the Okataina ring structure. A major hydrothermal area is located at Waimangu; the world-renowned Pink and White Terrace siliceous sinter deposits were destroyed during the major basaltic explosive eruption of 1886.