Harrat Khaybar

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  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 25°N
  • 39.92°E

  • 2093 m
    6865 ft

  • 231060
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

There are no activity reports for Harrat Khaybar.



 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Harrat Khaybar.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
0650 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Harrat Lali

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Baker P E, Brosset R, Gass I G, Neary C R, 1973. Jebel al Abyad: a recent alkalic volcanic complex in western Saudi Arabia. Lithos, 6: 291-314.

Brown G F, Schmidt D L, Huffman A C Jr, 1984. Geology of the Arabian Peninsula western shield area. U S Geol Surv, Open-File Rpt, 84:203: 1-217.

Camp V E, Roobol M J, Hooper P R, 1991. The Arabia continental alkali basalt province: Part II. Evolution of Harrats Khaybar, Ithnayn, and Kura, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Geol Soc Amer Bull, 103: 363-391.

Neumann van Padang M, 1963a. Arabia and the Indian Ocean. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 16: 1-64.

Roobol M J, Camp V E, 1991. Geologic map of the Cenozoic lava fields of Harrats Khaubar, Ithnayn, and Kura, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia Min Petrol Mineral Resour, 1:250,000 geol map.

Harrat Khaybar, one of Saudi Arabia's largest volcanic fields, covers an area of more than 14,000 sq km north of Madinah (Medina). A spectacular 100-km-long N-S linear vent system contains felsic lava domes, tuff rings, the Jabal Qidr stratovolcano, as well as numerous small basaltic cones. At least seven post-neolithic (less than 4500 years old) and eight "historical" (less than 1500 years old) lava flows are present. In the latter category is the prominent 55-km-long Habir lava flow as well as Jabal Qidr stratovolcano, the only stratovolcano in the Harrats of western Saudi Arabia. An eruption was reported at Harrat Khaybar in early Mohammedan times during the 7th century CE. Lavas from Harrat Khaybar overlap older lavas of Harrat Kura to the west and merge with lavas from Harrat Ithnayn to the north.