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The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Es Safa.
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The Es Safa volcanic field, in southern Syria SE of the capital city of Damascas (Dimashq), consists of a lava field with broad areas containing Holocene volcanic vents. The basaltic field (also referred to as As Safa) contains numerous vents erupted from NW-SE-trending fissures. A boiling lava lake was reported in the Es Safa volcanic area in the middle of the 19th century. This volcanic field lies within the northern part of the massive alkaline Harrat Ash Shaam volcanic field that extends from southern Syria through NE Jordan to Saudi Arabia.
Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).
|Start Date||Stop Date||Eruption Certainty||VEI||Evidence||Activity Area or Unit|
|1850 ± 10 years||Unknown||Confirmed||0||Historical Observations||Jabal Druse|
This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.
|Feature Name||Feature Type||Elevation||Latitude||Longitude|
|The dark-colored lava flows in this NASA Space Shuttle image (with north to the left) lie at the southern end of the Es Safa volcanic field. This basaltic field (also referred to as As Safa), lies SE of the capital city of Damascas (Dimashq) and contains at least 38 cinder cones. A boiling lava lake was observed in the Es Safa volcanic area in the middle of the 19th century. This volcanic field lies within the northern part of the massive alkaline Harrat Ash Shaam volcanic field that extends from southern Syria to Saudi Arabia.
NASA Space Shuttle image ISS007-E-8414, 2003 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.
Camp V E, Hooper P R, Roobol M J, White D L, 1987. The Madinah eruption, Saudi Arabia: magma mixing and simultaneous extrusion of the three basaltic chemical types. Bull Volc, 49: 489-508.
IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..
Krienitz M-S, Haase K M, Mezger K, Shaikh-Mashail M A, 2007. Magma genesis and mantle dynamics at the Harrat Ash Shamah volcanic field (southern Syria). J Petr, 48: 1513-1542.
Neumann van Padang M, 1963. Arabia and the Indian Ocean. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 16: 1-64.