Golan Heights

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 33.1°N
  • 35.97°E

  • 1197 m
    3926 ft

  • 230030
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Golan Heights.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Golan Heights.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Golan Heights.

The basaltic Golan Heights volcanic field in the Anti-Lebanon Mountains of SW Syria near the borders with Lebanon and Israel contains numerous cinder cones of Pliocene-to-Holocene age. The Golan Heights volcanic field covers a broad area NE of the Lake Tiberius (the Sea of Galilee) and SW of the city of Damascus (Dimashq) and includes the prehistoric cone of Majdel Shams in the Golan Heights. The volcanic field lies on a basaltic plateau that dips to the west and SW, with steep slopes facing the Dead Sea rift valley. It lies within the northern part of the massive alkaline Harrat Ash Shaam volcanic field that extends from southern Syria through NW Jordan to Saudi Arabia.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Golan Heights. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Golan Heights page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.



Cones
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Majdel Shams Cone
Odem, Mount Cinder cone
Tel Avital Cinder cone
Tel Bental Cinder cone
The Golan Heights basaltic volcanic field lies NE of Lake Tiberius (Sea of Galilee) in the Anti-Lebanon Mountains of SW Syria near the borders with Lebanon and Israel. Lake Tiberius, whose surface lies below sea level, is at the upper left in this NASA Space Shuttle image (with north to the upper right). The volcanic field contains 56 cinder cones of Pliocene-to-Holocene age and includes the prehistoric cone of Majdel Shams in the Golan Heights.

NASA Space Shuttle image STS060-97-24, 1994 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Abou-Deeb J M, Otaki M M, Tarling D H, Abdeldayem A L, 1999. A palaeomagnetic study of Syrian volcanic rocks of Miocene to Holocene age. Geof Internac, 38: 17-26.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Krienitz M-S, Haase K M, Mezger K, Shaikh-Mashail M A, 2007. Magma genesis and mantle dynamics at the Harrat Ash Shamah volcanic field (southern Syria). J Petr, 48: 1513-1542.

Mouty M, Delaloye M, Fontignie D, Piskin O, Wagner J-J, 1992. The volcanic activity in Syria and Lebanon between Jurassic and Actual. Schweiz Mineral Petrogr Mitt: 72: 91-105.

Weinstein Y, 2007. A transition from strombolian to phreatomagmatic activity induced by a lava flow damming water in a valley. J Volc Geotherm Res, 159: 267-284.

Volcano Types

Volcanic field

Tectonic Setting

Rift zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Trachyandesite / Basaltic trachy-andesite
Trachyte / Trachyandesite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
495,573
495,573
495,573
12,183,279

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Golan Heights Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.