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The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Golan Heights.
The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Golan Heights.
The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Golan Heights.
The basaltic Golan Heights volcanic field in the Anti-Lebanon Mountains of SW Syria near the borders with Lebanon and Israel contains numerous cinder cones of Pliocene-to-Holocene age. The Golan Heights volcanic field covers a broad area NE of the Lake Tiberius (the Sea of Galilee) and SW of the city of Damascus (Dimashq) and includes the prehistoric cone of Majdel Shams in the Golan Heights. The volcanic field lies on a basaltic plateau that dips to the west and SW, with steep slopes facing the Dead Sea rift valley. It lies within the northern part of the massive alkaline Harrat Ash Shaam volcanic field that extends from southern Syria through NW Jordan to Saudi Arabia.
The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Golan Heights. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Golan Heights page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.
|Feature Name||Feature Type||Elevation||Latitude||Longitude|
|Odem, Mount||Pyroclastic cone|
|Tel Avital||Pyroclastic cone|
|Tel Bental||Pyroclastic cone|
|The Golan Heights basaltic volcanic field lies NE of Lake Tiberius (Sea of Galilee) in the Anti-Lebanon Mountains of SW Syria near the borders with Lebanon and Israel. Lake Tiberius, whose surface lies below sea level, is at the upper left in this NASA Space Shuttle image (with north to the upper right). The volcanic field contains 56 cinder cones of Pliocene-to-Holocene age and includes the prehistoric cone of Majdel Shams in the Golan Heights.
NASA Space Shuttle image STS060-97-24, 1994 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.
Abou-Deeb J M, Otaki M M, Tarling D H, Abdeldayem A L, 1999. A palaeomagnetic study of Syrian volcanic rocks of Miocene to Holocene age. Geof Internac, 38: 17-26.
IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..
Krienitz M-S, Haase K M, Mezger K, Shaikh-Mashail M A, 2007. Magma genesis and mantle dynamics at the Harrat Ash Shamah volcanic field (southern Syria). J Petr, 48: 1513-1542.
Mouty M, Delaloye M, Fontignie D, Piskin O, Wagner J-J, 1992. The volcanic activity in Syria and Lebanon between Jurassic and Actual. Schweiz Mineral Petrogr Mitt: 72: 91-105.
Weinstein Y, 2007. A transition from strombolian to phreatomagmatic activity induced by a lava flow damming water in a valley. J Volc Geotherm Res, 159: 267-284.