Jebel Marra

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  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 12.95°N
  • 24.27°E

  • 3042 m
    9978 ft

  • 225030
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

There are no activity reports for Jebel Marra.

 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Jebel Marra.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
2000 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (corrected) Deriba caldera

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Burton A N, Wickens G E, 1966. Jebel Marra volcano, Sudan. Nature, 210: 1146-1147.

Davidson J P, Wilson I R, 1989. Evolution of an alkali basalt-trachyte suite from Jebel Marra volcano, Sudan, through assimilation and fractional crystallization. Earth Planet Sci Lett, 95: 141-160.

Francis P W, Thorpe R S, Ahmed F, 1973. Setting and significance of Tertiary-Recent volcanism in the Darfur Province of western Sudan. Nature, 243: 30-32.

Katsui Y (ed), 1971. List of the World Active Volcanoes. Volc Soc Japan draft ms, (limited circulation), 160 p.

Vail J R, 1972. Jebel Marra, a dormant volcano in Darfur Province, western Sudan. Bull Volc, 36: 251-268.

The most prominent feature of the vast Jebel Marra volcanic field, located in the Darfur province of western Sudan, is the youthful Deriba caldera. The 5-km-wide, steep-walled caldera, located at the southern end of the volcanic field, was formed about 3500 years ago at the time of the eruption of voluminous airfall pumice and pyroclastic flows that traveled more than 30 km from the volcano. The Jebel Marra volcanic field covers a broad area of the Marra Mountains and contains early basaltic lava flows overlain by thick sequences of pyroclastic-flow deposits. The northern part of the volcanic field displays trachytic lava plugs and spines forming residual inselbergs and young basaltic scoria cones and lava flows. Ash eruptions at Deriba caldera may have continued into early historical time (Burton and Wickers, 1966), and fumarolic activity has been observed on the flanks of a small pyroclastic cone within the caldera.