San Carlos

Photo of this volcano
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  Google Earth Placemark
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 3.35°N
  • 8.52°E

  • 2260 m
    7413 ft

  • 224002
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for San Carlos.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for San Carlos.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for San Carlos.

San Carlos, a 2260-m-high basaltic shield volcano with a broad summit caldera, forms the toe on the SW side of boot-shaped Bioko (Fernando Poo) Island. San Carlos was classified as having been active during the last 2000 years (International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior, 1973), although little is known of its geologic history.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from San Carlos. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the San Carlos page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

The Global Volcanism Program has no synonyms or subfeatures listed for San Carlos.

A broad caldera, partially surrounded by clouds left of center, cuts the summit of San Carlos volcano. This a basaltic shield volcano forms the toe on the SW side of boot-shaped Bioko (Fernando Poo) Island. This NASA Landsat view (with north to the top) also shows neighboring San Joaquin volcano, with its smaller lake-filled caldera, at the right.

NASA Landsat7 image (worldwind.arc.nasa.gov)

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Deruelle B, Kambou R, Joron J-L, 1990. New petrological data on volcanic rocks of Bioko Island (Equatorial Guinea). IAVCEI 1990 Internatl Volc Cong, Mainz, Abs, (unpaginated).

Fitton J G, 1987. The Cameroon line, West Africa: a comparison between oceanic and continental alkaline volcanism. In: Fitton J G and Upton B G J (eds) {Alkaline Igneous Rocks}, Geol Soc Amer Spec Pub 30: 273-291.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Mitchell-Thome R C, 1970. Geology of the South Atlantic islands. Berlin: Gebruder Borntraeger, 350 p.

Volcano Types

Shield
Caldera
Pyroclastic cone(s)

Tectonic Setting

Intraplate
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
0
428
15,688
142,724

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of San Carlos Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.