Alid

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  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 14.88°N
  • 39.92°E

  • 904 m
    2965 ft

  • 221040
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

There are no activity reports for Alid.



 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Alid.

There are no Holocene eruptions known for Alid. If this volcano has had large eruptions prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

CNR-CNRS Afar Team, 1973. Geology of northern Afar (Ethiopia). Rev Geog Phys Geol Dynam, 15: 443-490.

Duffield W A, Bullen T D, Clynne M A, Fournier R O, Janik C J, Lanphere M A, Lowenstern J, Smith J G, W/Giorgis L, Kahsai G, W/Mariam K, Tesfai T, 1997. Geothermal potential of the Alid volcanic center, Danakil Depression, Eritrea. U S Geol Surv Open-File Rpt, 97-291: 1-62.

Richard J J, Neumann van Padang M, 1957. Africa and the Red Sea. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI 4: 1-118.

WoldeGabriel G, 1987. . (pers. comm.).

Wood C A, 1980. . (pers. comm.).

Alid is an isolated, dissected volcano in the central Danakil depression. The volcano is elongated in an E-W direction perpendicular to the orientation of the Alid graben. Alid consists of a structural dome of uplifted sedimentary rocks, capped by basaltic-to-rhyolitic lava flows, that rises 700 m above the graben floor. Late-stage rhyolitic eruptions during the late Pleistocene ejected rhyolitic pumice. Steep-sided lava flows drape the flanks of the structural dome, which was produced by intrusion of a silicic magma body. A 2 x 3 km graben cuts the top of the dome, and the crater that produced the plinian eruption occupies the western third of the summit depression. Vast lava fields of probable Holocene age originating from fissure vents bank up against the flanks of Alid to the NW and SE. Small cones and craters that were the source of the flows are localized along NNW-trending fissures. Fumarolic activity continues from broad areas on the northern summit and flank.