Elbrus

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  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 43.33°N
  • 42.45°E

  • 5633 m
    18476 ft

  • 214010
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

There are no activity reports for Elbrus.



 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Elbrus.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
0050 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Blumenthal M M, van der Kaaden G, Vlodavetz V I, 1964. Turkey & Caucasus. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 17: 1-23.

Gushchenko I I, 1979. Eruptions of Volcanoes of the World: A Catalog. Moscow: Nauka Pub, Acad Sci USSR Far Eastern Sci Center, 474 p (in Russian).

Katsui Y (ed), 1971. List of the World Active Volcanoes. Volc Soc Japan draft ms, (limited circulation), 160 p.

Elbrus, the highest peak of the Caucasus Mountains of SW Russia, is a large glaciated stratovolcano with twin summits. The 5595-m-high eastern summit has a 250-m-wide, well-preserved crater, separated by a low saddle from the 5633-m-high western summit. Products of Mount Elbrus cover 260 sq km; its longest lava flow traveled 24 km down the NNE flank. The most recent lava flows from Elbrus are fresh-looking, and the latest eruptions took place during the Holocene (Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World). Weak solfataric activity near the summit continues, and hot springs are present on the volcano's flanks.