Süphan Dagi

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  • Turkey
  • Turkey
  • Stratovolcano
  • 8050 BCE
  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 38.92°N
  • 42.82°E

  • 4158 m
    13638 ft

  • 213021
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

There are no activity reports for Süphan Dagi.



 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Süphan Dagi.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
8050 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Feraud J, Ozkocak O, 1993. Les volcans actifs de Turquie: guide geologique et itineraires de'excursions. L'Assoc Volc Europeenne (LAVE), 2: 1-82.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Innocenti F, Mazzuoli R, Pasquare G, Serri G, Villari L, 1980. Geology of the volcanic area north of Lake Van (Turkey). Geol Rund, 69: 292-323.

Keller J, 1980. . (pers. comm.).

Pearce J A, Bender J F, de Long S E, Kidd W S F, Low P J, Guner Y, Saroglu F, Yilmaz Y, Moorbath S, Mitchell J G, 1990. Genesis of collision volcanism in eastern Anatolia, Turkey. J Volc Geotherm Res, 44: 184-229.

Yilmaz Y, Guner Y, Saroglu F, 1998. Geology of the Quaternary volcanic centers of the east Anatolia. J Volc Geotherm Res, 85: 173-210.

Süphan Dagi is a 4158-m-high basaltic-to-rhyolitic stratovolcano located immediately north of Lake Van. A glacial icecap mantles the summit of the volcano, the 2nd highest in Turkey. During construction of the volcano andesitic-dacitic lava flows alternated with fluid basaltic flows, followed by construction of a large lava dome over the central vent. The flanks of the volcano are dotted with numerous lava domes and pyroclastic cones erupted along radial and circumferential fissures, particularly on the northern, souther, and eastern sides. The 1.5-km-wide, low-rimmed Aygirgölü maar was erupted on the lower southern flank. During the latest stage of activity, voluminous basaltic lava flows traveled as far as 30 km from the summit. Potassium-Argon dates for Süphan Dagi range from 2 to about 0.1 million years, but the latest basaltic eruption occurred about 10,000 years ago (Yilmaz et al., 1998).