Nemrut Dagi

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  • Turkey
  • Turkey
  • Stratovolcano
  • 1650 CE
  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 38.65°N
  • 42.23°E

  • 2948 m
    9669 ft

  • 213020
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

There are no activity reports for Nemrut Dagi.



 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Nemrut Dagi.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1692 Apr 13 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
1650 Oct 27 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations East flank (Lake Van)
1597 (in or before) Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations
1441 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations North flank (Nemrut Boynu)
1402 (?) Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
1111 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations East flank (Lake Van)
0531 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
0657 BCE ± 25 years Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
0787 BCE ± 25 years Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
1396 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
1662 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
4055 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
4321 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
4615 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
4849 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
4938 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
5085 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
5152 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
5242 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
5320 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
5745 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
6213 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
6471 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
7087 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
7579 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
7769 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count
9950 BCE ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed   Varve Count

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Aydar E, Gourgaud A, Ulusoy I, Digonnet F, Labazuy P, Sen E, Bayhan H, Kurttas T, Tolluoglu A U, 2003. Morphological analysis of active Mount Nemrut stratovolcano, eastern Turkey: evidences and possible impact areas of future eruption. J Volc Geotherm Res, 123: 301-312.

Blumenthal M M, van der Kaaden G, Vlodavetz V I, 1964. Turkey & Caucasus. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 17: 1-23.

Feraud J, Ozkocak O, 1993. Les volcans actifs de Turquie: guide geologique et itineraires de'excursions. L'Assoc Volc Europeenne (LAVE), 2: 1-82.

Guner Y, 1984. Geology, geomorphology and evolution of the Nemrut volcano. Jeomorfoloji Dergisi, 12: 23-65 (in Turkish with English abs).

Haroutiunian R A, 2006. The historical volcanoes of Armenia and adjacent areas revisited. J Volc Geotherm Res, 155: 334-337.

Karakhanian A, Djrbashian R, Trifonov V, Philip H, Arakelian S, Avagian A, 2002. Holocene-historical volcanism and active faults as natural risk factors for Armenia and adjacent countries. J Volc Geotherm Res, 113: 319-344.

Karakhanian A, Jrbashyan R, Trifonov V, Philip H, Arakelian S, Avagyan A, Baghdassaryan H, Davtian V, 2006. Historical volcanoes of Armenia and adjacent areas: what is revisited?. J Volc Geotherm Res, 155: 338-345.

Ozpeker I, 1973. Volcanological evolution of Nemrut Dagi. 4th Symp Mech Sci Res Center Turkey, p 1-17 (in Turkish).

Tchalenko J S, 1977. A reconnaissance of the seismicity and tectonics at the northern border of the Arabian Plate (Lake Van region). Rev Geog Phys Geol Dynam, 19: 189-208.

Ulusoy I, Labazuy P, Aydar E, Ersoy O, Cubukcu E, 2008. Structure of the Nemrut caldera (Eastern Anatolia, Turkey) and associated hydrothermal fluid circulation. J Volc Geotherm Res, 174: 269-283.

Yilmaz Y, Guner Y, Saroglu F, 1998. Geology of the Quaternary volcanic centers of the east Anatolia. J Volc Geotherm Res, 85: 173-210.

Nemrut Dagi is the westernmost of a group of volcanoes near Lake Van in eastern Anatolia and the only one that has erupted in historical time. Nemrut Dagi contains a 9 x 5 km caldera partially filled on its western side by a caldera lake. Post-caldera volcanism, of basaltic to rhyolitic composition, initially occurred along the caldera rim and floor. Pyroclastic flows and the emission of glassy obsidian lava flows accompanied construction of lava domes within the caldera; later activity formed a series of cinder cones and lava domes erupted along N-S-trending fissures on the northern flank. The most recent activity has been concentrated along a NNW-trending fissure cutting the eastern caldera floor and extending beyond the north caldera rim; nearly two dozen cinder cones and lava domes were constructed on the caldera floor. Ash layers in Lake Van document numerous Holocene eruptions, and an historical eruption in 1441 CE from a north-flank fissure involved compositionally bimodal lava flows.