Erciyes Dagi

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  • Turkey
  • Turkey
  • Stratovolcano
  • 6880 BCE
  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 38.52°N
  • 35.48°E

  • 3916 m
    12844 ft

  • 213010
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

There are no activity reports for Erciyes Dagi.

 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Erciyes Dagi.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 0253 (in or before) ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
6880 BCE ± 40 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected)

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Blumenthal M M, van der Kaaden G, Vlodavetz V I, 1964. Turkey & Caucasus. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 17: 1-23.

Develle A-L, Williamson D, Gasse F, WAtler-Simonnet W, 2009. Early Holocene volcanic ash fallout in the Yammouneh lacustric basin (Lebanon): tephrochronological implications for the Near East. J Volc Geotherm Res, 186: 416-425.

Feraud J, Ozkocak O, 1993. Les volcans actifs de Turquie: guide geologique et itineraires de'excursions. L'Assoc Volc Europeenne (LAVE), 2: 1-82.

Gencalioglu-Kuscu G, Atilla C, Cas R A F, Kuscu I, 2007. Base surge deposits, eruption history, and depositional processes of a wet phreatomagmatic volcano in Central Anatolia (Cora Maar). J Volc Geotherm Res, 159: 198-209.

Innocenti F, Mazzuoli R, Pasquare G, Radicati di Brozolo F, Villari L, 1975. The Neogene calcalkaline volcanism of central Anatolia: geochronological data on the Kayseri-Nigde area. Geol Mag, 112: 349-360.

Kurkcuoglu B, Sen E, Aydar E, Gourgaud A, Gundogdu N, 1998. Geochemical approach to magmatic evolution of Mt. Erciyes stratovolcano, central Anatolia, Turkey. J Volc Geotherm Res, 85: 473-494.

Pasquare G, 1968. Geology of the Cenozoic volcanic area of Central Anatolia. Roma Accad Nazionale Lincei Mem, 9: 55-204.

Sen E, Kurkcuoglu B, Aydar E, Gourgaud A, Vincent P M, 2003. Volcanological evolution of Mount Erciyes stratovolcao and origin of the Valibaba Tepe ignimbrite (Central Anatolia, Turkey). J Volc Geotherm Res, 125: 225-246.

Stothers R B, Rampino M R, 1983. Volcanic eruptions in the Mediterranean before AD 630 from written and archaeological sources. J Geophys Res, 88: 6357-6371.

Toprak V, 1998. Vent distribution and its relation to regional tectonics, Cappadocian Volcanics, Turkey. J Volc Geotherm Res, 85: 55-67.

The massive, eroded stratovolcano Erciyes Dagi at the northern end of the Sultansazligi Basin in central Anatolia covers an area of about 1300 sq km. Growth of the modern volcano began about 0.9 million years ago, following Pliocene caldera collapse of the Kocdag complex. Numerous parasitic cones and lava domes are found mostly on the north flank of the modern edifice, many along radial fissures. The youngest dated rock was from an 83,000-year-old dacitic lava flow, but rhyodacitic eruptions and lava dome growth occurred later at the Perikartin dome. One of the latest documented events was an edifice collapse that produced a large debris avalanche that extended to the east. An early Holocene distal tephra layer in Lebanon was attributed to Erciyes Dagi. Uncertainty remains regarding reported historical eruptions of Erciyes Dagi and their possible depiction on Roman Cappadocian coins. Historical accounts possibly referring to eruptions could also be attributed to methane releases from a swamp in the Sultansazligi Basin.