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There are no activity reports for Kula.
Available Weekly Reports
There are no Weekly Reports available for Kula.
There are no Holocene eruptions known for Kula. If this volcano has had large eruptions prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.
Alici P, Temel A, Gourgaud A, 2002. Pb-Nd-Sr isotope and trace element geochemistry of Quaternay extension-related volcanism: a case study of Kula region (western Anatolia, Turkey). J Volc Geotherm Res, 115: 487-510.
Aydar E, 1998. Early Miocene to Quaternary evolution of volcanism and the basin formation in western Anatolia: a review. J Volc Geotherm Res, 85: 69-82.
Borsi S, Ferrara G, Innocenti F, Mazzuoli R, 1972. Geochronology and petrology of recent volcanics in the eastern Aegean Sea (west Anatolia and Lesvos Island). Bull Volc, 36: 473-496.
Bunbury J M, Hall L, Anderson G J, Stannard A, 2001. The determination of fault movement history from the interaction of local drainage with volcanic epidsodes. Geol Mag, 138: 185-192.
Ercan T, Oztunali O, 1982. Characteristic features and "base surges" bed forms of Kula volcanics. Bull Geol Soc Turkey, 25: 117-125 (in Turkish with English abs).
Holness M B, Bunbury J M, 2006. Insights into continental rift-related magma chambers: cognate nodules from the Kula volcanic province, western Turkey. J Volc Geotherm Res, 153: 241-261.
IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..
Westaway R, Pringle M, Yurtmen S, Demir T, Bridgeland D, Rowbotham G, Maddy D, 2004. Pliocene and Quaternary regional uplift in western Turkey: the Gediz River terrace staircase and the volcanism at Kula. Tectonophysics, 391: 121-169.
The Kula volcanic field, the westernmost area of young volcanism in Turkey, lies about 450 km WNW of its closest Holocene neighbor in central Turkey, the Karapinar volcanic field. The Kula field consists of a broad area of Quaternary alkaline basanitic-to-phonotephritic cinder cones and maars erupted along a roughly E-W-trending line SW of the city of Selendi. Most of the Kula volcanoes are Pleistocene in age, between about 1.1 million and 10,000 years old. The initial stage produced lava flows from vents along the ring fracture of caldera identified from satellite images. The second and third stages took place along an E-W-trending graben and produced lava flows with ultramafic xenoliths. Although activity was considered to have continued until the beginning of the Holocene (Yilmaz, 1990), or almost to historical times (Borsi et al., 1972), the age of the most recent eruption from the Kula field is not known.