Methana

Photo of this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 37.615°N
  • 23.336°E

  • 760 m
    2493 ft

  • 212020
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Methana.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Methana.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Methana.

Methana volcano consists of a basaltic-andesite to rhyodacitic lava dome complex forming the Methana Peninsula in the Sarronian Gulf on the NE side of Peloponnesus. Potassium-Argon ages for the older part of the complex range from 900,000 to 550,000 years, although activity may have begun during the late Pliocene. A younger phase of activity took place from about 380,000-290,000 years ago, forming a series of lava domes and flows. The youngest dome, Kameno Vouno, on the NW side of the peninsula, was formed in the 3rd century BCE and produced a lava flow that traveled 500 m beyond the coastline. Hot springs are found at several locations along the coast of the peninsula.

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1922 Aug ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
0258 BCE ± 18 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Kameno Vouno

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.



Domes
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Choni Dome 675 m
Kameno Vouno
    Kameni
    Kaimeni
Dome 425 m 37° 36' 54" N 23° 20' 10" E
Malja Glat Dome 675 m
Malja Khoriou Dome
Malja Skurti Dome 590 m
Maljsa Dome 625 m
Pikesa Dome 725 m
Sterna Gambru Dome 625 m


Thermal
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Agios Nikolaos Thermal
Loutra Methana Thermal
Thiafi Bay Thermal
Malja Khoriou lava dome, seen here from the SE, lies on the eastern side of the Methana Peninsula and is one of several basaltic-andesite to rhyodacitic lava domes forming the Methana volcanic complex. The peninsula extends into the Sarronian Gulf on the NE side of the Peloponnesus Peninsula. The youngest dome, Kameno Vouno, on the NW side of Methana Peninsula, was formed in the 3rd century BC and produced a lava flow that traveled 500 m beyond the coastline.

Photo by Ichio Moriya (Kanazawa University).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

D'Alessandro W, Brusca L, Kyriakopoulos K, Michas G, Papadakis G, 2008. Methana, the westernmost active volcanic system of the south Aegean arc (Greece): insight from fluids geochemistry. J Volc Geotherm Res, 178: 818-828.

Georgalas G C, 1962. Greece. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 12: 1-40.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Keller J, 1982. Mediterranean Island Arcs. In: Thorpe R S (ed) {Andesites}, New York: John Wiley Sons, p 307-326.

Volcano Types

Lava dome(s)

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Dacite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
152
1,683
48,917
4,220,783

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Methana Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.