Pantelleria

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 36.77°N
  • 12.02°E

  • 836 m
    2742 ft

  • 211071
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Pantelleria.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Pantelleria.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Pantelleria.

The island of Pantelleria is constructed above a drowned continental rift in the Strait of Sicily and has been the locus of intensive volcano-tectonic activity. Two large Pleistocene calderas dominate the island, which contains numerous post-caldera lava domes and cinder cones and is the type locality for peralkaline rhyolitic rocks, pantellerites. The 15-km-long island is the emergent summit of a largely submarine edifice. The 6-km-wide Cinque Denti caldera, the youngest of the two calderas, formed about 45,000 years ago and contains the two post-caldera shield volcanoes of Monte Grande and Monte Gibele. Holocene eruptions have constructed pumice cones, lava domes, and short, blocky lava flows. Many Holocene vents are located on three sides of the uplifted Montagna Grande block on the SE side of the island. A submarine eruption in 1891 from a vent ~4 km off the NW coast is the only confirmed historical activity.

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1891 Dec ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain     South of Pantelleria
1891 Oct 17 1891 Oct 25 Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Foerstner (4 km NNW of Pantelleria)
[ 1831 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain     Off the northern coast
1080 BCE ± 300 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Hingeline vent system
4430 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Cuddia Randazzo
4550 BCE ± 300 years Unknown Confirmed   Magnetism Serra della Fastuca
5610 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Punta Tracino
6130 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Cuddia Patite ?
7050 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Potassium-Argon Cuddia di Mida, Valenza

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.



Cones
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Acropoli Cone
Almonza Vent
Attalora, Cuddia Cone
Bellizzi, Cuddie Vent
Bonsulton, Cuddie Vent
Bruciata, Cuddia Cone
Cala dell'Alca Cone
Cala dell'Altura Shield volcano
Cala di Tramontana Cone
Contrada Caffefi, Cuddioli Di Vent
Dietro Isola, Cuddioli di Shield volcano
Ferle Cone
Gadir, Cuddia del Shield volcano
Gallo Vent
Gelfiser, Monte Cone
Gelkhamar, Monte Cone
Glindo Vent
Katt, Cuddia del Cone
Khamma, Cuddia Shield volcano
Khartibucale Cone
Maccotta, Cuddia Shield volcano
Mida, Cuddia Vent
Monastero Shield volcano
Monte, Cuddia del Cone
Moro, Cuddia del Shield volcano
Mueggen, Cuddia Shield volcano
Patite, Cuddie Shield volcano
Punta del'Arco Vent
Punta Tracino Vent
Randazzo, Cuddia Cone
Rosse, Cuddie Cone
San Vito Vent
Sant'Elmo, Monte Cone
Scauri, Cuddia di Shield volcano
Sciuvechi, Cuddia Shield volcano
Stufe di Kazen Cone
Valletta, Cuddia Shield volcano


Craters
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Cinque Denti
    Monastero
Pleistocene caldera
Foerstner Submarine crater 36° 48' 0" N 11° 54' 0" E
Vecchia, La Pleistocene caldera


Domes
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Fossa Carbonara Dome
Fossa del Russo Dome
Gallo, Cuddia del Dome
Gibille, Monti Dome
Khaggiar Dome


Thermal
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Favare Thermal
Gibele, Monte Thermal
Passo del Vento Thermal
The 15-km-long island of Pantelleria is constructed above a drowned continental rift in the Strait of Sicily. Part of the mostly buried arcuate rims of two large Pleistocene calderas are seen in this NASA Landsat image (with north to the top). The SE rims of the calderas form the two dark-colored lines at the lower right part of the island, below and to the right of the forested Monte Grande and Monte Gibele shield volcanoes. Monte Gibele, with its circular summit crater, was constructed in the southern part of the younger Cinque Denti caldera.

NASA Landsat7 image (worldwind.arc.nasa.gov)

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Berrino G, 1997. Gravity changes and present-day dynamics of the island of Pantelleria (Sicily Channel--Italy). J Volc Geotherm Res, 78: 289-296.

Civetta L, Cornette Y, Gillot P Y, Orsi G, 1988. The eruptive history of Pantelleria (Sicily Channel) in the last 50 ka. Bull Volc, 50: 47-57.

Cornette Y, Crisci G M, Gillot P Y, Orsi G, 1983. Recent volcanic history of Pantelleria: a new interpretation. J Volc Geotherm Res, 17: 361-374.

Imbo G, 1965. Italy. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 18: 1-72.

Mahood G A, Hildreth W, 1986. Geology of the peralkaline volcano at Pantelleria, Strait of Sicily. Bull Volc, 48: 143-172.

Orsi G, Gallo G, Zanchi A, 1991. Simple-shearing block resurgence in caldera depressions. A model from Pantelleria and Ischia. J Volc Geotherm Res, 47: 1-11.

Peccerillo A, 2005. Plio-Quaternary Volcanism in Italy. Berlin: Springer, 365 p.

Prosperini N, Perugini D, Poli G, Manetti P, 2000. Magmatic enclaves within the Khaggiar lava dome (Pantelleria, Italy): implications for magma chamber dynamics and eruption. Acta Vulc, 12: 37-47.

Speranza F, Landi P, D'Ajello Caracciolo F, Pignatelli A, 2010. Paleomagnetic dating of the most recent silicic eruptive activity at Pantelleria (Strait of Sicily). Bull Volc, 72: 847-858.

Squarci P, Gianelli G, Grassi S, Mussi M, D'Amore G, 1994. Preliminary results of geothermal prospecting on the island of Pantelleria (Italy). Acta Vulc, 5: 117-123.

Stevenson R J, Wilson L, 1997. Physical volcanology and eruption dynamics of peralkaline agglutinates from Panterlleria. J Volc Geotherm Res, 79: 97-122.

Volcano Types

Shield
Caldera
Lava dome(s)
Cinder cone(s)

Tectonic Setting

Rift zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Rhyolite
Trachyte / Trachyandesite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite
Minor
Trachyandesite / Basaltic trachy-andesite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
6,561
10,985
12,403
142,817

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Pantelleria Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.