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  • Italy
  • Italy
  • Shield
  • 1891 CE
  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 36.77°N
  • 12.02°E

  • 836 m
    2742 ft

  • 211071
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

There are no activity reports for Pantelleria.

 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Pantelleria.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1891 Dec ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain     South of Pantelleria
1891 Oct 17 1891 Oct 25 Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Foerstner (4 km NNW of Pantelleria)
[ 1831 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain     Off the northern coast
1080 BCE ± 300 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Hingeline vent system
4430 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Cuddia Randazzo
4550 BCE ± 300 years Unknown Confirmed   Magnetism Serra della Fastuca
5610 BCE ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Punta Tracino
6130 BCE ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Cuddia Patite ?
7050 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Potassium-Argon Cuddia di Mida, Valenza

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Berrino G, 1997. Gravity changes and present-day dynamics of the island of Pantelleria (Sicily Channel--Italy). J Volc Geotherm Res, 78: 289-296.

Civetta L, Cornette Y, Gillot P Y, Orsi G, 1988. The eruptive history of Pantelleria (Sicily Channel) in the last 50 ka. Bull Volc, 50: 47-57.

Cornette Y, Crisci G M, Gillot P Y, Orsi G, 1983. Recent volcanic history of Pantelleria: a new interpretation. J Volc Geotherm Res, 17: 361-374.

Imbo G, 1965. Italy. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 18: 1-72.

Mahood G A, Hildreth W, 1986. Geology of the peralkaline volcano at Pantelleria, Strait of Sicily. Bull Volc, 48: 143-172.

Orsi G, Gallo G, Zanchi A, 1991. Simple-shearing block resurgence in caldera depressions. A model from Pantelleria and Ischia. J Volc Geotherm Res, 47: 1-11.

Peccerillo A, 2005. Plio-Quaternary Volcanism in Italy. Berlin: Springer, 365 p.

Prosperini N, Perugini D, Poli G, Manetti P, 2000. Magmatic enclaves within the Khaggiar lava dome (Pantelleria, Italy): implications for magma chamber dynamics and eruption. Acta Vulc, 12: 37-47.

Speranza F, Landi P, D'Ajello Caracciolo F, Pignatelli A, 2010. Paleomagnetic dating of the most recent silicic eruptive activity at Pantelleria (Strait of Sicily). Bull Volc, 72: 847-858.

Squarci P, Gianelli G, Grassi S, Mussi M, D'Amore G, 1994. Preliminary results of geothermal prospecting on the island of Pantelleria (Italy). Acta Vulc, 5: 117-123.

Stevenson R J, Wilson L, 1997. Physical volcanology and eruption dynamics of peralkaline agglutinates from Panterlleria. J Volc Geotherm Res, 79: 97-122.

The island of Pantelleria is constructed above a drowned continental rift in the Strait of Sicily and has been the locus of intensive volcano-tectonic activity. Two large Pleistocene calderas dominate the island, which contains numerous post-caldera lava domes and cinder cones and is the type locality for peralkaline rhyolitic rocks, pantellerites. The 15-km-long island is the emergent summit of a largely submarine edifice. The 6-km-wide Cinque Denti caldera, the youngest of the two calderas, formed about 45,000 years ago and contains the two post-caldera shield volcanoes of Monte Grande and Monte Gibele. Holocene eruptions have constructed pumice cones, lava domes, and short, blocky lava flows. Many Holocene vents are located on three sides of the uplifted Montagna Grande block on the SE side of the island. A submarine eruption in 1891 from a vent off the NW coast is the only confirmed historical activity.