Vulcano

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  • Italy
  • Italy
  • Stratovolcano(es)
  • 1890 CE
  • Country
  • Subregion Name
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 38.404°N
  • 14.962°E

  • 500 m
    1640 ft

  • 211050
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

There are no activity reports for Vulcano.



 Available Weekly Reports

There are no Weekly Reports available for Vulcano.

Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1968 Jul 11 ] [ Unknown ] Discredited    
[ 1892 Dec 14 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 0   5 km east of Vulcanello
1888 Aug 2 1890 Mar 22 Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Fossa
1886 Jan 5 ± 4 days Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Fossa
1873 Sep 1879 Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Fossa
[ 1831 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 1   Fossa
[ 1822 ] [ 1823 ] Uncertain 2   Fossa
[ 1812 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 1   Fossa
[ 1786 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 3   Fossa
1780 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Fossa
[ 1775 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain     Fossa
1771 Feb 17 1771 May Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Fossa
1731 1739 Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Fossa
1727 Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Forgia Vecchia II and Fossa
1688 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations Fossa
1651 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations Fossa
1631 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations
1626 Mar 1626 Apr Confirmed 3 Historical Observations
1618 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations
1550 Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Vulcanello III
1444 Feb 4 Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations
1230 ± 20 years Unknown Confirmed 0 Magnetism Fossa, Palizzi lava flow
1200 ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Magnetism Vulcanello
1040 ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Magnetism
0925 ± 25 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations
0729 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations Fossa
0526 (?) Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Fossa and Vulcanello III?
0144 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations Fossa
0050 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations Fossa
[ 0010 BCE ± 10 years ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain     Vulcanello
0024 BCE ± 5 years Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations Vulcanello ?
[ 0043 BCE ] [ Unknown ] Discredited    
0091 BCE Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Vulcanello
0126 Jun BCE Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations Vulcanello
0150 BCE ± 300 years Unknown Confirmed   Uranium-series
0183 BCE Unknown Confirmed 4 Historical Observations Vulcanello
0215 BCE Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations Offshore vent
0300 BCE Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Fossa
0360 BCE ± 10 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Fossa
0475 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations Fossa
0950 BCE ± 500 years Unknown Confirmed 0 Uranium-series Fossa
1300 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 3 Tephrochronology Fossa
2650 BCE ± 1000 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Potassium-Argon Fossa
3550 BCE ± 1000 years Unknown Confirmed 0 Potassium-Argon Fossa, Punte Nere lava flow
6350 BCE ± 1000 years Unknown Confirmed   Potassium-Argon Monte Saraceno tephra
6550 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Potassium-Argon NW side (Lentia)

The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.

Arrighi S, Tanguy J-C, Rosi M, 2006. Eruptions of the last 2200 years at Vulcano and Vulcanello (Aeolian Islands, Italy) dated by high-accuracy archeomagnetism. Phys Earth Planet Int, 159: 225-233.

Blanco-Montenegro I, De Ritis R, Chiappini M, 2007. Imaging and modelling the subsurface structure of volcanic calderas with high-resolution aeromagnetic data at Vulcano (Aeolian Islands, Italy). Bull Volc, 69: 643-659.

Chiodini G, Cioni R, Guidi M, Marini L, 1991. Geochemical variations at Fossa Grande crater fumaroles (Vulcano Island, Italy) in summer 1988. Acta Vulc, 1: 179-192.

Clocchiatti R, Del Moro A, Gioncada A, Joron J L, Mosbah M, Pinarelli L, Sbrana A, 1994. Assessment of a shallow magmatic system: the 1888-90 eruption, Vulcano Island, Italy. Bull Volc, 56: 466-486.

De Astis G, Dellino P, De Rosa R, La Volpe L, 1997. Eruptive and emplacement mechanisms of widespread fine-grained pyroclatic deposits on Vulcano Island (Italy). Bull Volc, 59: 87-102.

De Astis G, La Volpe L, 1997. Volcanological and petrological evolution of Vulcano island (Aeolian Arc, southern Tyrrhenian Sea). J Geophys Res, 102: 8021-8050.

De Rosa R, Guillou H, Mazzuoli R, Ventura G, 2003. New unspiked K-Ar ages of volcanic rocks of the central and western sector of the Aeolian Islands: reconstruction of the volcanic stages. J Volc Geotherm Res, 120: 161-178.

Favalli M, Karatson D, Mazzuoli R, Pareschi M T, Ventura G, 2005. Volcanic geomorphology and tectonics of the Aeolian archipelago (Southern Italy) based on integrated DEM data. Bull Volc, 68: 157-170.

Frazzetta G, Gillot P Y, La Volpe L, Sheridan M F, 1984. Volcanic hazards at Fossa of Vulcano: data from the last 6000 years. Bull Volc, 47: 105-125.

Frazzetta G, La Volpe L, 1991. Volcanic history and maximum expected eruption at "La Fossa de Vulcano" (Aeolian Islands, Italy). Acta Vulc, 1: 107-113.

Frazzetta G, La Volpe L, Sheridan M F, 1983. Evolution of the Fossa cone, Vulcano. J Volc Geotherm Res, 17: 329-360.

Gamberi F, 2001. Volcanic facies associations in a modern volcaniclastic apron (Lipari and Vulcano offshore, Aeolian Island Arc). Bull Volc, 63: 264-273.

Gehring I, 2004. The use of grain-size dependent magnetic susceptibility and gamma-ray measurements for the detailed reconstruction of volcanostratigraphy: the case of La Fossa di Vulcano, S. Italy. J Volc Geotherm Res, 138: 163-183.

Gioncada A, Mazzuoli R, Bisson M, Pareschi M T, 2003. Petrology of volcanic products younger than 42 ka on the Lipari-Vulcano complex (Aeolian Islands, Italy): an example of volcanism controlled by tectonics. J Volc Geotherm Res, 122: 191-220.

Green J, Short N M, 1971. Volcanic Landforms and Surface Features: a Photographic Atlas and Glossary. New York: Springer-Verlag, 519 p.

Imbo G, 1965. Italy. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 18: 1-72.

Italiano F, Nuccio P M, 1991. Preliminary investigations on the underwater gaseous manifestations of Vulcano and Lipari. Acta Vulc, 1: 243-248.

Keller J, 1980. The island of Vulcano. Soc Italiana Min Petr, 36: 368-413.

Montalto A, 1996. Signs of potential renewal of eruptive activity at La Fossa (Vulcano, Aeolian Islands). Bull Volc, 57: 483-492.

Ventura G, 1994. Tectonics, structural evolution and caldera formation on Vulcano Island (Aeolian Archipelago, southern Tyrrheanian Sea). J Volc Geotherm Res, 60: 207-224.

Voltaggio M, Branca M, Tuccimei P, Tecce F, 1995. Leaching procedure used in dating young potassic volcanic rocks by the 226Ra/230Th method. Earth Planet Sci Lett, 136: 123-131.

Zanella E, De Astis G, Lanza R, 2001. Palaeomagnetism of welded, pyroclastic-fall scoriae at Vulcano, Aeolian Archipelago. J Volc Geotherm Res, 107: 71-86.

The word volcano is derived from Vulcano stratovolcano in Italy's Aeolian Islands. Vulcano was constructed during six stages during the past 136,000 years. Two overlapping calderas, the 2.5-km-wide Caldera del Piano on the SE and the 4-km-wide Caldera della Fossa on the NW, were formed at about 100,000 and 24,000-15,000 years ago, respectively, and volcanism has migrated to the north over time. La Fossa cone, active throughout the Holocene and the location of most of the historical eruptions, occupies the 3-km-wide Caldera della Fossa at the NW end of the elongated 3 x 7 km island. The Vulcanello lava platform forms a low, roughly circular peninsula on the northern tip of Vulcano that was formed as an island beginning in 183 BCE and was connected to Vulcano in about 1550 CE. Vulcanello is capped by three pyroclastic cones and was active intermittently until the 16th century. The latest eruption from Vulcano consisted of explosive activity from the Fossa cone from 1898 to 1900.