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Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).
|Start Date||Stop Date||Eruption Certainty||VEI||Evidence||Activity Area or Unit|
|1230 ± 40 years||Unknown||Confirmed||Magnetism||Pelato (Forgia Vecchia, Rocche Rossi)|
|0780 ± 100 years||Unknown||Confirmed||Radiocarbon (corrected)||Monte Pelato|
|5820 BCE ± 75 years||Unknown||Confirmed||Radiocarbon (corrected)||Gabellotto-Fiumebianco, E-1 tephra|
The following references are the sources used for data regarding this volcano. References are linked directly to our volcano data file. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title. Additional discussion of data sources can be found under Volcano Data Criteria.
Cortese M, Frazzetta G, La Volpe L, 1986. Volcanic history of Lipari (Aeolian Islands, Italy) during the last 10,000 years. J Volc Geotherm Res, 27: 117-135.
Crisci G M, De Rosa R, Esperanca S, Mazzuoli R, Sonnino M, 1991. Temporal evolution of a three component system: the island of Lipari (Aeolian Arc, southern Italy). Bull Volc, 53: 207-221.
Davi M, De Rosa R, Barca D, 2009. A LA-ICP-MS study of minerals in the Rocche Rosse magmatic enclaves: evidence of a mafic input triggering the latest silicic eruption of Lipari Island (Aeolian Arc, Italy). J Volc Geotherm Res, 182: 45-56.
De Rosa R, Donato P, Gioncada A, Masetti M, Santacroce R, 2003. The Monte Guardia eruption (Lipari, Aeolian Islands): an example of a reversely zoned magma mixing sequence. Bull Volc, 65: 530-543.
De Rosa R, Guillou H, Mazzuoli R, Ventura G, 2003. New unspiked K-Ar ages of volcanic rocks of the central and western sector of the Aeolian Islands: reconstruction of the volcanic stages. J Volc Geotherm Res, 120: 161-178.
Dellino P, La Volpe L, 1995. Fragmentation versus transportation mechanism in the pyroclastic sequence of Monte Pilato-Rocche Rosse (Lipari, Italy). J Volc Geotherm Res, 64: 211-231.
Develle A-L, Williamson D, Gasse F, WAtler-Simonnet W, 2009. Early Holocene volcanic ash fallout in the Yammouneh lacustric basin (Lebanon): tephrochronological implications for the Near East. J Volc Geotherm Res, 186: 416-425.
Di Martino C, Frezzotti M L, Lucchi F, Peccerillo A, Tranne C A, Diamond L W, 2010. Magma storage and ascent at Lipari Island (Aeolian archipelago, Southern Italy) at 223-81 ka: the role of crustal processes and tectonic influence . Bull Volc, 72: 1061-1076.
Favalli M, Karatson D, Mazzuoli R, Pareschi M T, Ventura G, 2005. Volcanic geomorphology and tectonics of the Aeolian archipelago (Southern Italy) based on integrated DEM data. Bull Volc, 68: 157-170.
Gamberi F, 2001. Volcanic facies associations in a modern volcaniclastic apron (Lipari and Vulcano offshore, Aeolian Island Arc). Bull Volc, 63: 264-273.
Gioncada A, Mazzuoli R, Bisson M, Pareschi M T, 2003. Petrology of volcanic products younger than 42 ka on the Lipari-Vulcano complex (Aeolian Islands, Italy): an example of volcanism controlled by tectonics. J Volc Geotherm Res, 122: 191-220.
Italiano F, Nuccio P M, 1991. Preliminary investigations on the underwater gaseous manifestations of Vulcano and Lipari. Acta Vulc, 1: 243-248.
Katsui Y (ed), 1971. List of the World Active Volcanoes. Volc Soc Japan draft ms, (limited circulation), 160 p.
Keller J, 1970b. Die Historischen Eruptionen von Vulcano und Lipari. Zeit Deut Geol Ges, 121: 179-185.
Pichler H, 1980. The island of Lipari. Rendiconti Soc Italiana Min Petr, 36: 415-440.
Siani G, Sulpizio R, Paterne M, Sbrana A, 2004. Tephrostratigraphy study for the last 18,000 14C years in a deep-sea sediment sequence for the South Adriatic. Quat Sci Rev, 23: 2485-2500.
Tanguy J C, Le Goff M, Principe C, Arrighi S, Chillemi V, Paiotti A, La Delfa S, Patane G, 2003. Archeomagnetic dating of Mediterranean volcanics of the last 2100 years: validity and limits. Earth Planet Sci Lett, 211: 111-124.
Lipari, the largest of the Aeolian Islands, is located immediately north of Vulcano Island. The irregular-shaped island contains numerous small stratovolcanoes, craters, and lava domes on a basement of submarine volcanic deposits. Lipari was formed in three major eruptive cycles, the first of which took place from about 223 to 188 thousand years ago (ka) from N-S-trending fissures on the western side of the island. The second eruptive period from about 102 to 53 ka included the formation of the Monte San Angelo and Costa d'Agosto stratovolcanoes in the center of the island. The third eruptive cycle (40 ka to the present) included the Monte Guardia sequence, erupted at the southern tip of the island between about 22,600 and 16,800 years ago, and Holocene rhyolitic pyroclastic deposits and obsidian lava flows at the NE end of the island. The latest eruption, at Monte Pilato on the NE tip of the island, formed the Rocche Rosse and Forgia Vecchia obsidian lava flows, which have been dated variously from about 500 to 1230 AD. Objects made of obsidian from Lipari have been found throughout southern Italy.